Axis Powers in World War II
In addition to these three powers, other minor states were added to these pacts, some out of political affinity and others out of fear.
The Axis Powers were the Kingdom of Italy, Nazi Germany and the Empire of Japan. These countries formed a Tripartite Pact that later led to what was called the Berlin-Rome-Tokyo Bloc.
This new bloc achieved its establishment due to the coincidences that existed between the government, economic and ideological systems of the three countries.
In the same way, they shared three coincidences of negative connotation: they were the countries least benefited by the Treaty of Versailles.
The term Rome-Berlin Axis was first used by Benito Mussolini in November 1936, when referring to the friendship treaty signed on 25 October 1936 between the Kingdom of Italy and Nazi Germany, he says that the two countries would form an Axis around which the other states of Europe would revolve.
This friendship pact was forged at the initiative of Italy, which was facing strong opposition from the League of Nations during its wars of occupation in Somalia and Abyssinia (Ethiopia), thereby gaining the support of Germany, which had already left the League of Nations in 1933.
Subsequently, in May 1939, this relationship became the alliance known as the Steel Pact and eventually integrated Japan as well after the signing of the Tripartite Pact on 27 September 1940.
In addition to the three great powers that give the pact its name, they joined the pact:
- Slovakia, already separated from the rest of Czechoslovakia by the Munich agreements of 1938.
Another country, considered by the allies to be part of the Axis, was Finland, although it never signed the treaty.
In its relationship with the Nazis, Finland was regarded as a co-belligerent, a term that encompassed countries ruled by Nazi puppet governments such as Croatia or Vichy France.
Siam was another co-belligerent state, which supported Japan, which in turn had a number of puppet governments such as Manchukuo (the government established by the Empire of Japan in Manchuria), Mengjiang, the nationalist China of Nanking, the Second Philippine Republic, the Burma of Ba Maw or the Provisional Government of Free India.
Italy had Albania and Abyssinia as puppet states.
- Thailand: Thailand was a special ally of Japan, as it saw in this alliance an opportunity to expel the English and French from Asia, even though it saw in Japan a new slaver. At the end of 1944, he decided to join the Allies.
- Italian Social Republic (Italy 1943-1945)
- Vichy France
- Bohemia and Moravia (Czech Republic)
- Chinese collaborationist regime
- Yugoslavia: The Kingdom of Yugoslavia only belonged to the Tripartite Pact for two days, as a coup d’état overthrew the regent.