What is England?
England is one of the four countries that make up the United Kingdom. The inhabitants of this country occupy 85% of the total population of the United Kingdom.
England has an area of 130,395 km2 and is located in the south and central part of Great Britain, an island that together with Scotland, Wales and 100 other small islands make up the United Kingdom.
The legal system, the Anglican Church and the English language emerged in England.
The geographical boundaries of England are: to north Scotland, to west Wales, to the north-west the Irish Sea, to the south-west the Celtic Sea, to the east the North Sea and to the south the English Channel.
It is a country that has been the foundation of large and important systems that have later been copied to other countries.
The legal system, the Anglican Church and the English language (which is the most widely used worldwide) are some of the contributions of this country that have spread throughout the world.
Characteristics of England
Its name derives from the Anglo peoples, who settled here around the 5th and 6th centuries and established it as a unified state in 927.
In 1707 the act of union between Scotland and Wales was created to form the Kingdom of Great Britain. In 1801, Ireland joined the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, which was renamed the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland.
Today Great Britain is made up of England, Scotland, and Wales, and the United Kingdom comprises Great Britain and Northern Ireland.
The relief of this country can be divided into three areas, which derive from two ancient massifs that are called Caledonian and Hercinian:
- The Highlands. To the north and west of the country, England has mountainous areas. The highest peak is Ben Nevis with a height of 1,343 meters.
- The intermediate lowlands (Uplands). They extend to the North of England and South and Central Wales.
- The Lowlands. It is a sedimentary plain and occupies most of England.
Music Folk Music
English folk music refers to various types of traditional music based, often contrasting with courtesan, classical and later commercial music, for which there is evidence from the Late Middle Ages.
Climate and hydrography
Its temperatures are around -5°C in winter and 32°C in summer.
England’s climate is temperate wet oceanic. This means that their temperatures are low: in winter they oscillate around -5° C, while in summer they reach 32° C.
As for rainfall, it is evenly distributed throughout the year, reaching 838 mm per year and is more abundant in the western region.
Although England does not have many rivers, it does have many lakes, especially in the mountainous part of the country. The rivers with the greatest flow are the River Thames, the Trent, the Ouse, and the Severn.
Flora and fauna
The flora and fauna of England are very varied. Among the animals are hedgehogs, foxes, and rabbits.
There are not many species of reptiles or amphibians but birds are abundant, with about 230 species classified.
On the other hand, the vegetation is abundant in oak, beech and elm trees.
Economy and currencies
The currency used in England is the pound sterling.
England’s economy is based on a rich and varied fishing industry. Moreover, the coal and iron industry has been central to the development of the country’s history.
As for agriculture, England has fertile soil for sowing rye, wheat, sugar beet, barley, and potatoes.
In addition, this country produces timber trees such as pine, oak, beech, ash, elm, and spruce.
There are also some high-tech industries such as pharmaceuticals, offshore oil platforms, electronics and aerospace, and natural resources such as coal, oil and natural gas.
The currency currently in use in England is the pound sterling.
Fifty-five percent of the people of England profess the Anglican religion. Then, in terms of the number of followers, Catholicism follows it to a lesser extent.
From the 1950s onwards, other religions (not previously common in this country) appeared, such as Hinduism, Judaism, and Buddhism.
Population and language
England has a current population of just over 50 million people, accounting for 85% of the UK’s total population.
It is one of the most populated countries in relation to the size of its territory: 380 inhabitants per km2.
The official language is English, now considered the world language par excellence today. Mandarin Chinese and Spanish are also spoken.
The current education system is dependent on parliament and is compulsory for ages 5 to 16.
93% of students attend a free public education, while the remaining 7% attend a private education. Education is not compulsory between the ages of 16 and 18, but it is still free.
- Beginner level. Between the ages of 3 and 5, parents can send their children to day care centers and kindergartens. The free cost of these depends on each municipality.
- Primary level. It ranges from 6 to 11 years old. It is free and compulsory.
- Secondary level. It includes the stage between 12 and 16 years of age, although it can be extended to 18 years of age. It is also free and compulsory until 16 years of age.
- Upper level. Although students generally have to pay for their own studies, scholarships are offered to families with limited resources.
England has one of the best health services in Europe as it provides people with access to a range of medical specialties and health facilities.
While private health services are available, public services include ambulances, inpatient hospitalization, specialist physicians, opticians, covered pharmacies and patient companions.
This is the only country in the world where patients themselves can prescribe their own medicines.
How is England
England is the largest of the four “home nations” that make up the United Kingdom. It is also the most populous of the four with almost 52 million inhabitants (roughly 84% of the total population of the UK).
Form of government
As part of the United Kingdom, England’s system of government is the constitutional monarchy.
Its parliamentary model adopted the Westminster system, which takes the United Kingdom model as its democratic form of government.
There has not been a government of England since 1707 as this country is governed by the Parliament of the United Kingdom.