Depression in Pregnancy
The treatment of depression in pregnancy is usually quite particular, because the use of medication is extremely delicate in mom, being the subject of important discussions between specialists.
Treatment depends on the level of depression we have, which is identified by a psychologist or psychiatrist.
We will show you some methods of intervention for depression in pregnancy.
Mild or moderate depression
The following methods of intervention may be used to treat mild or moderate depression.
- Personal psychotherapy, where the person can have a professional accompaniment, follow up on the depression and reduce it through the person’s own knowledge. This method should always be present when dealing with depression.
- Support groups are a variation of therapy where we can learn about and work on our depression through the experiences of other pregnant mothers who are going through the same thing.
- Recreational, outdoor, or activities mom used to like before depression in pregnancy.
Major depression presents a strong intensity of symptoms that must be treated urgently and in the following way:
- Use of medications prescribed by the psychiatrist and with caution that the specialist will take for treating a pregnant patient.
- Personal psychotherapy, in addition to medication is necessary psychotherapy because although medications reduce symptoms, the center of depression is psychological, so both psychotherapy and medication must work together.
Depression in pregnancy is extremely delicate because it merits immediate intervention, since the lives of mother and baby are at high risk, where suicide becomes a viable option for the mother when depression in pregnancy is not diagnosed and treated in time.
The possible use of medication is limited to major depression to protect the health of the baby, but psychotherapy is vital for any level of depression in pregnancy.
If you are suffering from depression during pregnancy, it is best to consult with a specialist for your well-being and that of your baby.
Although diarrhea in pregnancy is rarely considered a symptom of this stage, some women may suffer at very specific times of pregnancy. Diarrhea in pregnancy is perhaps one of the most uncomfortable discomfort suffered by the mother, as it usually manifests itself with an increase in daily stools in liquid and watery form that cause discomfort and a sudden urge to go to the bathroom.
As a result of hormonal changes, some women may suffer from diarrhea during pregnancy.
Depending on your stage of pregnancy, diarrhea in pregnancy may be caused by one cause or another. So that you can be prepared and identify its origin, we explain the factors that cause diarrhea episodes in pregnancy and how to treat it so that you can overcome this uncomfortable and unpleasant discomfort.
Is it normal to have diarrhea during pregnancy?
If normal, because more than a disease, diarrhea during pregnancy is a symptom that is usually caused by poor digestion or decompensation in the body in response to other causes, so it does not usually present as something serious, unless accompanied by blood in the stool, fever and abdominal pain.
Although it can appear throughout pregnancy, it is more common than during the first and third trimesters, so it can also be considered a common discomfort in pregnancy.
Why does diarrhea appear in pregnancy? Is it a symptom?
Diarrhea is a symptom caused by an upset stomach that manifests itself in the sudden increase of stools throughout the day. As with stages other than pregnancy, the mother must go to the bathroom very often, as well as having a change in her stools, as they tend to be soft and watery, making episodes of diarrhea much more unpleasant.
During pregnancy, the most common is to experience symptoms such as constipation, transit difficulty and in some cases diarrhea.
Although it is more common for the pregnant woman to suffer from constipation, as the difficulty in the intestinal transit is usually one of the most noticeable symptoms at this stage, diarrhea in pregnancy occurs in some women, depending on the stage of pregnancy in which they are.
- First trimester of pregnancy: In the first months, hormonal changes experienced by pregnant women such as nausea, vomiting and poor digestion, can cause this is conducive to diarrhea in pregnancy.
- Third trimester of pregnancy: As the baby grows and takes up more space in the uterus during the last few months, the stomach compresses because of the pressure the baby puts on it. This change can make digestion less effective and lead to possible episodes of diarrhea.
- Final stretch of pregnancy: Other cases of diarrhea in pregnancy, usually occurs in the final stretch of pregnancy because it is very common that the mother is nervous or suffers moments of anxiety due to childbirth, or has eaten too much, and suffer from some infection but less likely.
As a result of nerves, some women often have a little diarrhea just before the start of labor.
Some women have some diarrhea early in pregnancy and just before delivery.
Common causes of diarrhea in pregnancy
Although the causes of diarrhea in pregnancy are usually the same as those that affect anyone else, such as the ingestion of food in poor condition, viruses, bacteria, gastroenteritis, lactose intolerance, reactions to certain medications, among other reasons, the hormonal changes often experienced by pregnant women also play a key role, as they affect the gastrointestinal system also causing nausea, vomiting and constipation.
Hormonal changes are the main cause of diarrhea during pregnancy.
According to specialists, the hormonal changes that the mother usually undergoes to prepare for pregnancy are the main causes of diarrhea in pregnancy, but everything depends on the gestational stage in which she is.
Let’s look at the most common causes of diarrhea in pregnancy.
- Hormonal changes: Hormones are usually responsible for almost every symptom experienced in pregnancy, and diarrhea is no exception. Pregnancy hormones affect the gastrointestinal system, causing bloating, nausea, vomiting, constipation, slow digestive system and diarrhea.
- Nausea or heavy stomach: All digestive problems such as nausea or vomiting cause ingested food not to be well processed by the stomach, so diarrhea in pregnancy is also a consequence of poor digestion.
- Changes in diet: As a way to combat constipation or eat healthier, women often change their diet and increase the consumption of foods rich in fiber that in excess, can cause a temporary reaction of diarrhea in the mother.
- Lactose intolerance: Although not previously experienced, some pregnant women may experience an episode of lactose intolerance, especially if they have increased their milk intake to obtain high levels of calcium. If this is the case, try to stop drinking milk so that you can check if it is indeed the cause of diarrhoea in pregnancy.
- Prenatal vitamins or medication: The consumption of vitamin complexes during pregnancy can also be a latent cause of diarrhea in pregnancy, since they contain some principles that are known, can cause diarrhea or constipation.
- Viruses, bacteria and diseases: Viruses or food poisoning, as well as irritable bowel problems or diverticulitis can be a major cause of diarrhea in pregnancy, especially because pregnant women are often more sensitive to these conditions.
Eating prenatal vitamins and some foods during pregnancy can cause diarrhea.
Dangers and Risks of Diarrhea in Pregnancy
Diarrhea in pregnancy, as at any other time, usually does not represent something serious and almost always remits after three days. However, there are cases in which diarrhea can cause three to four stools a day and be much more severe, as well as be accompanied by blood, high fever or other symptoms that may indicate the presence of a bacterial infection.
If diarrhea is accompanied by other symptoms, it is best to consult your doctor.
If you experience any of these symptoms, we recommend that you see your doctor immediately, as this is a potential danger to you and your baby.
On the other hand, the main risk faced by mothers with diarrhea in pregnancy has to do with dehydration. When it is produced, blood does not flow efficiently to the organs and placenta, so it can endanger the baby and cause, in the worst case, premature delivery.
It is therefore important that you consult your doctor even in mild cases, and be very attentive to all symptoms.
If it does not appear at these times, you may have diarrhea due to a stomach virus or food poisoning.
What can I do to prevent diarrhea in pregnancy?
The best way to avoid diarrhea in pregnancy is to pay more attention to our diet, following a varied and balanced diet that gives us all the nutrients we need.
Some women tend to eat the mistake of increasing their portions of food because of the famous “eating for two” myth, but the reality is that it is not necessary to eat too much for the mother and the baby to be healthy, on the contrary, eating too much can make us feel heavy, with little energy and a lot of tiredness, as well as causing diarrhea.
Eating healthy is the best way to avoid these symptoms
Here you can find Diets for Pregnant Women: Healthy Tips and Menus!
We therefore recommend you to avoid copious meals and always eat to the right extent without overdoing it. It is also necessary to be careful with milk, because if you are lactose intolerant, all dairy products you consume should be lactose free.
You avoid fats and ensure the hygiene of all food during preparation, as it is the most important thing to prevent bacteria and stomach upset.
Also, some high-sugar drinks such as soft drinks, energy drinks and certain fruit juices should be avoided, as they often cause stomach upset and, in some cases, diarrhoea in pregnancy.
Carbonated or high-sugar beverages can cause stomach upset in pregnancy
On the other hand, we recommend that you pay attention to the medications you take during this period, as there are medications that can cause diarrhea for no apparent reason. In the event that it occurs, consult your doctor about the possibility of changing your medication, especially if it has as a side effect a change in your stomach.
Treatments to relieve diarrhea in pregnancy
If you are in the early weeks of pregnancy and have started to feel the first stomach discomfort typical of this stage, it is possible that you have diarrhea or even you are already experiencing it accompanied by other symptoms such as nausea, dizziness and vomiting and stomach pain.
To treat diarrhea in pregnancy, the best thing you can do is to rest and change a little regular diet, opting for a light or soft diet, which consists of eating soft foods that do not weigh on the stomach, such as soups, rice, grilled foods, French omelette among others, while reducing discomfort and stool.
If you suffer from diarrhea during pregnancy, the best treatment is rest, drink plenty of water and eat softly.
For its part, natural lemon juice is considered one of the best remedies to normalize the stomach, as well as bananas, applesauce and starch (we can find it in potatoes, sugar-free cereals and cookies).
Last but not least, you should try to drink plenty of water and isotonic drinks to avoid dehydration so common in these cases.
A soft diet, plenty of fluids and a little rest is all you need to relieve diarrhea in pregnancy.
For when the diarrhea is subsiding, you may then go through a stage of constipation, in fact it is something natural, so it is important to continue with a soft diet until it passes completely.
We also recommend that you replace possible losses in the intestinal flora by ingesting probiotic yoghurts and consult a doctor whenever an alarming or unusual symptom appears if you present a diarrhoeal picture in pregnancy.
If you have any doubt, consult your doctor to see your particular case.