George Washington (1732-1799)
George Washington contributed decisively to the independence of the United States with respect to Great Britain. He is considered one of the Founding Fathers of the United States.
He was the first president of that country (1789-1797) and was elected twice: in 1788 and in 1792.
Augustine Washington was an ambitious man who acquired land and slaves, built mills and cultivated tobacco. For a time, he was interested in opening iron mines.
He married Mary Ball Washington, in 1731. George was the eldest of the children of Augustine Washington and Mary Ball: George, Elizabeth, Samuel, John Augustine, Charles, and Mildred.
He was born on his father’s plantation in Popes Creek. In Westmoreland County, Virginia, on February 22, 1732.
George’s father, Augustine Washington, served as a judge of the county court.
When George Washington was eleven years old, his father Augustine died, leaving most of his property to George’s older half brothers.
George was educated at home and studied with the sacristan of the local church and then was a school teacher in practical mathematics, geography, Latin, and English.
He was a successful landowner and businessman, also commander of the Continental Army, president of the Constitutional Convention.
Your First Job
His first experiences working as a surveyor and in the company of Virginia.
In 1748, when he was 16 years old, George traveled with a surveying group in the western territory of Virginia. The following year, helped by Lord Fairfax, Washington received an appointment as official inspector of Culpeper County.
In the early 1750s, France and Britain were at peace. However, the French military had begun to occupy much of the Ohio Valley.
In 1753, Lieutenant Governor Dinwiddie of Virginia ordered George Washington to confront the French at age 21.
The surprise attack of Washington against a small French force in Jumonville Glen and the surrender of the French in the battle of Fort Necessity helped to unleash the war between France and India.
Washington was awarded the honorary rank of colonel and joined the army of British General Edward Braddock in Virginia in 1755.
In August of 1755, Washington was appointed the commander of all Virginia troops at 23 years of age.
He was sent to the border to patrol and protect about 400 miles of border with some 700 colonial troops from Virginia.
Washington married Martha Dandridge Custis, a widow, with a considerable fortune: an 18,000-acre farm, Washington became one of Virginia’s richest landowners.
He established himself as an innovative farmer, who moved from tobacco to wheat as his main cash crop in the 1760s. In an effort to improve his agricultural operation.
Although wheat and tobacco were his staple foods, he practiced crop rotation. It had its own watermill, ironworks, bricks and coal ovens, carpenters and masons.
In 1769, Washington presented a resolution to the Chamber of Burgesses calling on Virginia to boycott British products until the laws were repealed.
After the approval of the Intolerable Acts in 1774, Washington presided over a meeting calling for the convening of the Continental Congress and the use of armed resistance as a last resort.
He was selected as a delegate to the First Continental Congress in March 1775 and on June 15, he was appointed major general and commander in chief of the colonial forces against Great Britain.
In August of 1776, the British army took the city of New York. The army of Washington was defeated and suffered the surrender of 2,800 men.
Ascension to the Presidency
During the presidential elections of 1789, he received one vote from each elector. The only president in the history of the United States to be elected by unanimous approval.
He was sworn in at the Federal Hall in New York City, the capital of the United States at that time.
At first, he rejected the $ 25,000 salary that Congress offered to the presidency office because he was already rich and wanted to protect his image as a disinterested public servant.
George Washington proved to be a capable administrator. He surrounded himself with some of the most capable people in the country, appointing Alexander Hamilton as Secretary of the Treasury and Thomas Jefferson as Secretary of State.
The decision to build a different capital for a new nation was taken at the Philadelphia Congress in 1783.
These lands marked the separation between the north and the south of the Thirteen Colonies, which were the origin of the United States.
In 1791, Washington signed a bill authorizing Congress to impose a tax on whiskey, prompting protests in rural Pennsylvania. Known as the Whiskey Rebellion.
In 1794, he sent John Jay to Britain to negotiate a treaty (known as the “Jay Treaty”) to secure peace with Britain.
Wishing to return to Mount Vernon and its agriculture, and feeling the decline of its physical powers with age, Washington refused to give in to pressures for a third term.
In March of 1797, he handed over the government to John Adams and returned to Mount Vernon. His last official act was to pardon the participants in the Whiskey Rebellion.
• “Freedom, when it begins to take root, is a fast-growing plant”.
• “Partner with quality men if you estimate your own reputation; it is better to be alone than badly accompanied “.
• “It is impossible to govern the world without God and without the Bible.”
• “There is no distance that can keep lovers separated for a long time.”
• “Freedom, when it begins to take root, is a fast-growing plant.”
• “Religion and morality are essential pillars of civil society.”
• “Nothing I hate more than ingratitude.”
Important Summarized Data:
- George Washington
When was born?
- February 22, 1732, at his father’s plantation in Popes Creek, in Westmoreland County, Virginia.
What studies did George Washington have?
- He started going to school when he was 6 years old. He left school at age 15 to become a surveyor because his mother could not afford to send him to college.
Who were the parents?
• Agustine Washington
• Mary Ball Washington
Who was his wife?
- Martha Dandridge Custis
Who were your stepchildren?
• John Parke Custis (stepson)
• Martha Parke Custis (stepdaughter)
When he died?
• December 14, 1799, in Mount Vernon, Virginia, United States
How he died?
• For a pneumonia treatment.
How old was he when he died?
• 67 years
Where is he buried?
• Mount Vernon
Who inherited Mount Vernon?
• John Augustine Washington inherited Mount Vernon after the death of Bushrod Washington.
Who currently owns Mount Vernon?
• The Mount Vernon Ladies Association purchased the property from John Augustine Washington in 1858 for $ 200,000. This John Augustine was a great-grandson of George Washington’s brother, John Augustine.
How many people have visited Mount Vernon?
• More than 85 million people have visited Mount Vernon since 1860 when the property was officially opened to the public. Today, Mount Vernon receives an average of one million visitors each year.
What was the most important thing he did?
- Presided over the Constitutional Convention meeting in Philadelphia in 1787 with the mission of replacing the ineffective articles of the Confederation with a republican constitution.
- Promoted an economic development program with a capitalist accent.
- In 1791 he signed a bill authorizing Congress to impose a tax on whiskey.
- In 1793, Washington founded the federal capital of his country and was named in his honor.
- Encouraged industry instead of agriculture.
- Created a national bank and a unified fiscal policy with tax measures.
- Extended the territorial base: in addition to the territories granted in the Treaty of Paris, it would try to expand the borders by colonizing Indian territories, extending westwards.
- Fundo the bases of the two political parties that would give rise to the party system, the
- Federalist Party, and the Democratic-Republican Party
- In 1792 he promulgated the Law of the Police.
- He made peace treaties with several countries, including Morocco.
- Washington owned more than 13,000 hectares distributed throughout several states.
- Never received a university education.
- In 1752 he joined the colonial militia as a general assistant.
- He was in charge of six companies dedicated to the surveillance of the Ohio Valley
- Reached the rank of colonel.
- He was named honorary citizen of France.
- His vice president John Adams came to characterize Washington as illiterate and head of a sheep.
- Before the age of sixteen, George Washington copied the 110 rules covered in The Rules of Civility and Decent Behavior.
- He was elected president with 57 years.
- George wanted to join the British Navy, but his mother refused to leave him.
- Washington was tall, half six feet two inches.
- He was a topographer
- When he was 17, Washington was named the first surveyor of Culpeper County.
- Washington was the first president to free his slaves after his death.
- He did not wear a wig. That is real hair in all your photos.
- Changed the color of her hair by applying talcum powder
- Tie the hair with a velvet bow.
- He belonged to the Anglican church.
He had false teeth made of hippopotamus ivory.
- His favorite dishes were peanut soup, mashed sweet potatoes with coconut and green beans with mushrooms.
- He liked to ride horses, hunt foxes, and dance.
- Acquired a buffalo, hoping to prove its usefulness as a meat animal.
- He was fond of picnics, barbecues, and clambakes
- When he was 57 years old, all his teeth were removed.
- He directed his own horses in races.
- Weighed only 175 pounds
- At age 11, George Washington inherited 10 slaves from his father.
- He liked to play pool and cards.
- When his mother was still pregnant with him, he invited some people to his house.
- Lightning fell through the fireplace and killed one of the guests, this was considered a bad sign for the child who was coming.
- He liked ice cream.
- He had to borrow money to attend his first inauguration as president.
- Washington did not have a good relationship with his mother, in the letters he addressed her with a cold: “Honorable Lady”.
- He prided himself on an orchard of peaches and apples.
- Suffered a long list of ailments: diphtheria, tuberculosis, smallpox, dysentery, malaria, tonsillitis, anthrax, pneumonia and epiglottitis.
- The first United States Congress voted in favor of paying Washington a salary of $ 25,000 a year.
- Washington has been the only President of the United States to be unanimously elected to the office.
He fell in love with his best friend’s wife.
- He owned a whiskey distillery. Distilled 12,000 gallons per year.
- Win the presidency with 100% of votes.
- He is the only president who really goes to the battle while serving as president.
- Was widely criticized in the press in the last years of his presidency.
- On the day of his death, Washington was treated with four rounds of bloodletting, which removed 5 pints of blood from his body.
- He had no political party to represent.
- In 1976, Washington posthumously received the highest rank in the US Army. UU General of the Armies of the United States. Nobody will exceed it in rank.
- He was a dog lover.
A great book I recommend is this.
- John Berlau
- All Points Books
- Edición Kindle