It all starts in England with 2 teams of eleven players each and a referee who makes the rules of the sport.
It is the most popular sport in the world for its more than 270 million followers in its different competitions the main objective of this game is to carry the ball to the opposite goal for which the team that scores more goals is the winner.
The game was created in England with the formation of the Football Association, whose rules of 1863 are the basis of sports today. The governing body of football is Football Association International, known by the acronym FIFA.
The biggest international football competition is the FIFA World Cup, which is held every four years.
This event is the most famous and largest for spectators in the world, with twice the audience of the Olympic Games.
History tells that its beginnings were in the second and third century of which are based on an exercise manual corresponding to the Chinese dynasty the game was known as ts´uhkuh (cuju) which cost in throwing a ball with the feet to a small net six centuries after the cuju appeared a Japanese variant called kemari that had a more ceremonial character the aim of the game was to keep the ball in the air passing between players today is practiced in cultural events.
In the Mediterranean two forms of harpastum game were highlighted in Rome, and epislcyros in Greece, of which very little information is known the first one was played by 2 teams in a rectangular field the players of each team could pass a small ball the objective of the game was to send it to the opposite field, this variable was popular between the years 700 and 800.
During the era of discovery, football began to comply with sports from the New World. It is estimated that the pok ta pok of the Mayan culture would have 3000 years of history.
In Greenland he also played a sport similar to football, while the game called marngrook in Oceania had characteristics that resemble Australian football.
Where today’s Aboriginal United States played other games: pasuckuakohowog in the central continental zone and Asqaqtuk in Alaska.
Although these games had certain characteristics that resembled football and several other modern sports, the incidence of football in today’s sport is debatable, as there are virtually no links with the British Isles, the birthplace of modern football.
In the late Middle Ages and later centuries different types of team games, known as football codes, developed in the British Isles and surrounding areas.
These codes are unified over time, but it was in the second half of the 17th century that the first major unifications of football took place, which gave rise to rugby, football, Australian football, etc. and the sport that is now known in much of the world as football.
The first British codes were characterized by few rules and extreme violence. One of the most popular was school football.
For this reason, the football school was banned in England by decree of King Edward III, who claimed to be a sport for non-Christians, and the ban lasted for 500 years.
Football at school is not the only form of play of the season, there were other forms more organized, less violent and even developed outside the British Isles.
One of the most popular games was Florentine calcium, originally from the city of Florence in Italy, during the Renaissance, in the sixteenth century. This sport has influenced several aspects of football today, not only by its rules, but by the festive atmosphere in which they were playing these games.
In the 19th century clubs distributed the game called Rugby in 1948 When the University of Cambridge, Henry de Winston and John Charles thring called members of other school to regulate a code of rules known as the Cambridge code.
The rules had a significant resemblance to the rules of the current game perhaps the most important of all was the limitation of the hands to move the ball passing the responsibility of passing them with the feet.
The objective was to pass a ball inside the two vertical posts and underneath a ribbon that joined them and the team that scored the most goals was the winner.
The official documents of this code were lost but a copy of the year 1856 is kept. Between 1857 and 1878 a set of football rules was used also left in the modern football characteristics: the Sheffield Code, also known as the Sheffield rules.
The code, created by Nathaniel Creswick and William Prest, adopted rules that are still in use, such as the use of a dash (horizontal pole) of rigid material, instead of the tape that has been used to date.
It also adopted the use of free kicks, corner kicks and throw-ins as methods of reintroducing ball play.
Despite these unifications of football, these led to several advances for the creation of modern football, October 26, 1863 is considered by many as the day of the birth of modern football.
On that day, Evanecer Cobb Morley began a series of six meetings between 12 clubs in different London schools in Taberna Freemason, with the aim of creating a universal and definitive football regulation, which was accepted by the majority.
Concluded the meeting, on December 8, eleven of the twelve clubs reached a consensus to establish 14 rules of the new regulation, which was named association football, to differentiate it from other forms of the football season.
Only the Blackheath club refused to support the creation of these rules, and ended up later became one of the other famous writers of sports, rugby
The regulation is used as a basis for football was the Cambridge code of rules, but two points thereof, which were considered of great importance for current rules: the use of hands to carry the ball and the use of rigging (gross physical contact to take the ball to the opponent) against opponents.
This was the reason the Blackheath club left. Eventually football and rugby moved away and were finally recognized as two different sports.
The objective of the game is to introduce the ball as many times as possible into the opponent’s goal, this is called scoring a goal, the winning team is the one that manages to introduce more goals. The duration of a match is 90 minutes, divided into two halves of 45 each.
A team on the field is made up of the goalkeeper, defenders, midfielders or midfielders and strikers.
The specific skills the player must master are running, jumping, dribbling (with the feet), nodding and shooting or kicking in a strong and rigid manner.
Players may not touch the ball with their hands except for throw-ins, and only the goalkeeper may use his hands, but only to avoid goals in his goal. The playing field can be grass (natural or artificial), or earth.
The game is directed by referees (the main one, the line referees), who are responsible for enforcing the rules, and penalize violations of the rules with free kicks (direct or indirect) and penalties (foul in a goal).
They can take out the players yellow and red cards, with the latter the player must leave the field leaving his team with ten.
With regard to the history of football, there are very old records of football-like games played in Japan, China, Greece and Rome. However, it was in Great Britain that football evolved and is what we know today.
In Paris, in 1904, the International Federation of Associated Football (FIFA) was created, and in 1930 the first World Cup was organized in Uruguay.
Since then it is held every four years and being the sport competition with more spectators worldwide. Football is also for women, since 1991 they have their own World Championship.
Football competitions can also be played between teams from the same country (national club competitions), between teams from different countries (international club competitions), such as the Champions League and the Copa Libertadores, among others. There are national team championships such as the Euro, the America’s Cup, the Asian Cup and the African Cup.
Development This paper is titled “El futbol, el propósito del mismo es conocer más fondo el tema que a muchos interesa pero no todos investigaan hasta desglosar el tema.
It is known that this sport is played on a rectangular field, usually grass, with a goal on each side of the field.
In it the players must move the ball with any part of the body except the arms or hands towards the ends of the field, to introduce it into the goal of the opposing team, thus scoring a “goal”.
All of this occurs in a time period of ninety (90) minutes. Football as a sport was created in England in 1863 and is currently governed by FIFA, whose most famous competition is the World Cup, which is held every 4 years.
Nowadays football has become a huge industry, where companies like Adidas, Nike and Puma, manufacture clothing for teams. Hence the importance of the number of spectators that the world football tournaments have in the development of the industry.
Beyond that, football is a sport that captivates millions of people who enjoy watching the players play and playing it for themselves, for example, in countries like Brazil, many young people start practicing this sport as a form of fun at a very young age. As well as in many other countries of the world.