To make a home greenhouse, you can use metal or aluminium tubes or wood to create a structure that you will have to cover with a suitable plastic.
If you like gardening, perhaps you have thought about having your own greenhouse in which to plant all kinds of flowers, plants or crops without having to depend on the weather.
Let’s see then, a guide of steps in which we explain to you, how to make a homemade greenhouse.
Making your own greenhouse will be the ideal solution to grow and protect plants, vegetables and vegetables directly in the garden or on the terrace of your home.
Depending on personal needs and the space available, our greenhouse will be more or less large, so to do it with your own hands, as we explain below.
Steps to Making a Home Greenhouse
There are several steps to make a home greenhouse, so the first thing is to know what type of greenhouse you need or want and then assemble the structure to place inside the plants and crops. We teach you how to do it with metal or wood.
Main characteristics of a greenhouse
- To ensure plants a suitable environment for development even in the coldest periods, the greenhouse, whatever its size, produces what is called the “greenhouse effect”: natural light passes through the transparent roof, reaches the ground and heats the ground, allowing plants the correct photosynthesis, growth and development.
- The heat emanating from the ground cannot cross the transparent barrier again and cannot be dispersed due to the absence of air currents: consequently, the temperature inside the greenhouse can also increase considerably: this explains the feeling of warmth that is always perceived inside a greenhouse, even in the winter months.
- To ensure a suitable environment for plants, it is advisable to check that the heat is not excessive and periodically ventilate the interior of the greenhouse to reduce excessively high humidity. However, the result is excellent: it is not uncommon that in the winter months, even in the absence of heating, the greenhouse reaches a temperature of more than 30 ° C. In the case of particularly severe winters, a small heating element can be considered, perhaps for energy.
Elements and structure to make a home greenhouse
- The construction of a greenhouse is simple: the basic elements are the support structure, made of tubular steel or aluminium or wood treated to resist humidity, and a transparent plastic cover such as PVC, polyethylene or, better still, ethylene-vinyl acetate : the latter is preferred for its long life and ability to retain heat without producing excessive condensation.
Building a tunnel greenhouse
- The simplest method of building a home greenhouse for an orchard is to create an arched structure by bending the steel tubes in such a way as to obtain a semicircle or to resort to elements already worked and with that shape.
- The steel arches must be buried fifteen centimeters and covered with plastic sheeting, to be fixed at the ends of each arch with metal or wire hooks.
- The length of the tunnel is subjective, to ensure greater stability, especially in areas subject to wind and snow, it is advisable to connect the arches with galvanized wire and fix the structure to the ground with ropes and pegs.
- Depending on your preferences and the size of the land, you can build your greenhouse less than a metre high, to protect specific crops, or high enough to access them indoors.
Building a wood greenhouse
- On the other hand, it is also easy to work with wood and DIY enthusiasts get more satisfaction. To build a greenhouse in wood it is enough to create a fairly simple structure, using treated wood to resist rain, humidity and the climate in general.
- For the protective cover, use a PVC sheet or other transparent or semi-transparent plastic sheet, which will have to be fixed to the frame by means of staples or small nails.
The lightness of the wood is particularly suitable for the construction of greenhouses that will be installed on the wall or in a relatively protected environment, such as a terrace or porch, where this type of structure can also represent a pleasant decorative element.