Cómo prevenir los cálculos renales.
Approximately half of the people who have suffered a kidney stone return to form another one between 5 and 10 years later.
When the stone has been expelled, it is analyzed, in addition to submitting the patient to an analysis of the urine in the following 24 hours to measure urine volume and levels of acidity, calcium, sodium, uric acid, oxalate, citrate, and creatinine. (a product of muscle metabolism).
•Drink 3 liters of fluid daily. Which can be half water, and the other half of other liquids, such as fruit juices or some infusions.
• Change certain food habits: maintain a diet with low calcium content and take sodium cellulose phosphate
• Avoid excess calcium intake. Phosphate (present in legumes, nuts and tea), oxalate – which inhibits the absorption of calcium and is found mainly in spinach and vitamin C supplements – and purines, which they are present in soft drinks.
• Increase the intake of liquids, preferably water, to at least three liters a day.
• Follow a diet low in calories, sugars, alcohol and animal proteins (meat, chicken).
• Avoid excess salt at meals.
• Eat fruits and vegetables.
The abundant liquid intake remains one of the best prevention measures. About two liters of water per day ensure an adequate balance of urine.
In some cases the suppression of foods with a high content of oxalates and/or calcium, or diets low in animal proteins may be useful, depending on the different types of stones.
In any case, in those patients who have suffered more than one episode of stones. It is advisable to carry out specific analyzes called metabolic study, which will provide the necessary information to design preventive measures.
Magnesium is responsible for more than 300 biochemical reactions in your body and the deficiency of this mineral has been linked to kidney stones.
An estimated 80 percent of people in the United States are magnesium deficient, so this could be one of the main factors.
Magnesium plays a very important role in the absorption and assimilation of calcium. Since, if you consume a lot of calcium without consuming enough magnesium. Excess calcium can become toxic and contribute to health problems such as kidney stones.
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