What is the history of Japan?
Japan, or the State of Japan, is a country of 6852 islands located in East Asia. And they are found in the Pacific Ocean. The name Japan means”the origin of the sun”. For this reason, this country is also known as the land of the rising sun.
The limits of Japan are: to the west the Sea of Japan, China, North Korea, South Korea, and Russia. To the north, it borders on the Ojotsk Sea, to the south on the East China Sea and Taiwan and to the east on the Pacific Ocean.
The capital of Japan in Tokyo and is located on the island of Honshū. In addition, this area is home to the largest population in terms of area in the world; more than 30 million people live in Tokyo.
Japan currently has a total population of more than 127 million, although this number is falling year after year, that is to say, it maintains strict birth control to avoid exceeding the country’s historical population rate.
Japan’s history is marked by times when the country has been completely isolated and others when it has allowed entry and exchange with nearby countries.
Since the first century, the island has been inhabited, according to the writings of ancient China. Since the second century, Japan has been under different empires that marked its course as a nation, and its characteristic customs, but Japan maintained periods of foreign influence and other periods of prolonged isolation.
It was in the second century and until 1868 that Japan was ruled by different military men who were called emperors. However, the period of isolation until the 2nd century reappeared in the 17th century. It lasted until the middle of the 19th century.
From the 19th century onwards and for two uninterrupted decades, Japan was plunged into internal conflicts until 1868 when the Japanese Empire was proclaimed, restoring the internal order of the islands.
Japan participated in World War I and World War II, which placed it in a privileged position of warfare over other countries.
However, since 1920, Japan faced several problems that it had to face, questioning democratic solutions to them; corruption of the governments in power, accusations, etc. Moreover, from that year onwards, the post-war world economic benefit that Japan had benefited from was lost after the recovery of post-war Europe.
It currently has an economic growth that places it in third place worldwide.
As Japan is made up of more than 6000 islands, its relief has peaks. About 84% of the territory is mountainous and its highest peak is Mount Fuji at 3,776 meters.
In addition, Japan is on a relatively active tectonic plate, making it an earthquake and tsunami zone. However, Japan also has meadows and plains but these are not very extensive.
It has a rainy climate and high humidity, with a notable difference between the 4 well marked seasons. This is due to the fact that the country is located at a certain distance from the equator line.
Therefore, the climate is temperate, except in the south of Japan, which may have some areas with subtropical climate.
Japan’s flora is varied and abundant, with over 17,000 species, including Japanese chestnuts, your own, red pines, Korean pines, birches, and ashes. You can also find white and red plums and bamboo plants.
Japan’s fauna includes about 132 species of mammals, 583 species of birds, 66 species of reptiles, fish and batrachians, including the Asian black bear, brown bear, wild boar, deer, antelope, badger, raccoon dog, foxes, wildcat, sea lion, Japanese wolves, copper pheasant and the Asian green and black eagle.
Japan has not remained airtight or distant in its openness to different religions. Thus he presents what was called syncretism, as an attempt to reconcile different religions or doctrines. Thus, the religions practiced in Japan allow for a diversity of variants where God and Buddha are present.
Buddhism is considered the majority religion, although there are many who profess Taoism, Confucianism, Protestantism, and Catholicism.
For a few decades now, Japan has been suffering from overpopulation due to various factors:
It has the third place in the world in life longevity, where the average life expectancy is 87 years.
The average birth rate is 1.3 children per woman.
Japan is a developed country. It is considered the third largest economy in the world today. It comes after the economies of the United States and China, respectively. Its currency is the Yen and it is considered very strong worldwide, even stronger than the current dollar.
Japan’s main industries are transportation, telecommunications, insurance, real estate, banking, and retail. On the other hand, it is a major breakthrough in the motor vehicle and electronic technology.
As for the hourly wage of an average worker, Japan has one of the best wages in the world, and taxes are usually lower than those of the rest of the world.
The land of Japan is not usually very fertile for cultivation; only 15% of the entire territory is fertile. For this reason, this land is used for the planting of cereals such as rice, vegetables or fruits.
Culture and Education
Japanese culture has a great influence from Asia, Europe, and the United States, with crafts such as pottery, origami, ikebana ukiyoyo-e, lacquer, dolls, among other arts. In addition, Japanese cuisine, ceremonial traditions of tea and the arrangement of gardens or decoration with swords (sabres) are highlighted.
With regard to education, Japan provides a system of nurseries or pre-schools for children up to and including the age of five. It has a compulsory system for the primary and secondary level. It consists of 6 years of primary education and 3 years for secondary education.
At the end of this second period, students may choose to move on to a baccalaureate level that can be chosen from four different types of subjects that will help them in their life projects, although this period is not compulsory.
The Republic of Japan is a constitutional monarchy. Only persons over 20 years of age are in a position to vote by universal suffrage. But the people do not choose the president, but rather the members of parliament who then vote for the president or prime minister. Thus, the same position can last only a few months or several years.
How long this prime minister remains in office will depend on how long he has the support of parliament. Until 2008, Japan had only one powerful political party, the Liberal Democratic Party, although there were smaller parties.
From 2009 onwards, a greater strength has been generated in political parties with less power, causing the power of this party to diminish.
A great book I recommend is this.
- Richard Mason, J. G. Caiger
- Tuttle Publishing
- Edición Kindle
- Edition no. 0 (08/30/2011)