John Adams (1735/10/30 – 1826/07/04)
John Adams Born October 30, 1735, in Braintree and died on July 4, 1826, in Quincy, Massachusetts. He was the second president of the United States considered as one of the founding fathers of the country.
Friend and partner of George Washington. He was one of the most original Fathers of the Nation in terms of political thought. And one of the three members in charge of writing the Preamble to the Declaration of Independence.
The beginning of his political career, he was chosen as a lawyer by several British soldiers accused of the death of five settlers in the Boston massacre (1770) and successfully defended his clients justifying the use of force in defense of their lives.
In 1785 he became the first American ambassador to Great Britain, a position he held until 1788.
In the stay in London, he wrote three volumes of defense of the constitutions of government of the United States of America.
After being defeated in the elections of 1788 and 1792, when Washington was elected president, he became the first vice president of the nation and was elected in 1796 to succeed Washington as president.
The Federalists of Hamilton approve the laws of Alien and Sedition Acts, which restricted the rights and privileges of the foreigners and Adams refused to approve them.
In February 1799 he appointed new commissioners to resume peace negotiations with France.
The peace initiative allowed him to dismantle the new army. However, foreign policy divided the Federalist Party on the eve of the 1800 elections.
This contributed significantly to the election of Thomas Jefferson and the Republican victory in both houses of Congress.
John Adams retired definitively of the policy to his farm of Quincy, where it was dedicated to the study of the letters and to cultivate one of its favorite passions, the gardening until its death happened the month of July of 1826 when it counted 91 years.
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