What are ovarian cysts? Symptoms and Treatments

Ovarian cysts

Cysts on the ovaries are very common and usually form during ovulation.  They are most often found when evaluating a woman of childbearing age.

Some women have no symptoms, but in other cases, cysts on the female ovaries can cause discomfort and pain.

ovarian cysts
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Cysts are lesions that can occur in various parts of the body. In women, it is common for cysts to appear in places such as breasts and ovaries.

It is important to see a specialist if you notice any change, however, do not be alarmist, the cysts in the ovaries are generally benign and in most cases do not represent a warning of cancer. Normally, they cause no symptoms and even tend to disappear over time.

Ovarian cysts are a very frequent problem, affecting between 5 and 10 percent of young women.

What are cysts?

In short, the cyst is a bubble wrapped in a membrane that contains air or liquid substances. As mentioned above, cysts can come out in many places, such as the liver, pancreas, breasts, vocal cords among others.

Naturally, it is a benign lesion, as it is usually nothing more than an accumulation of fluid in a given place. However, great care must be taken, as in some cases a malignant tumor may look like a cyst.

What are ovarian cysts?

Ovarian cysts, or cysts in the ovaries, are a formation of fluid or air, which lines up around or inside the ovary. There are several types of ovarian cyst, the most common are:

  • Follicular cysts: During the menstrual cycle, many hormonal changes take place, these stimulate the growth of the ovarian follicle, this is a small cyst that is contained in the egg. This follicle, when the menstrual cycle reaches the middle, breaks down and releases the egg into one of the tubes. This is the process we call ovulation. If this follicle is not broken, it will form a cyst, giving rise to a cyst. This is the most common ovarian cyst and occurs mostly in younger women. It usually disappears spontaneously.
  • Corpus luteum cyst: This cyst is caused when, in the previous process, the ovum passes through the corpus luteum and it closes again, accumulating liquid inside. This cyst is usually more than 3 cm in diameter and disappears spontaneously after a few weeks.

These ovarian cysts do not occur in women who do not ovulate. Therefore, it is not common to have women after menopause and young women taking birth control.

Painful types of ovarian cyst:

  • Endometrioma: Women with endometriosis may develop these cysts on the ovaries. They are dark in color, and usually very painful. They tend to annoy mostly when the sexual act is performed or during menstruation, could even come this discomfort, accompanied by severe abdominal pain and low fever.
  • Dermoid cyst: Specialists also call it a teratoma, a benign tumor that occurs in women younger than 35. In rare cases it turns into cancer, and by its nature, it can be accompanied by pieces of bone, skin or fat. It can be painful.
  • Cystoadenoma: May occur in both ovaries and usually disappears on its own over time.

Although often without symptoms, ovarian cyst discomfort affects many women

Cancer and ovarian cysts

The big question, can ovarian cyst represent cancer? The answer most of the time is NO. However, it is best to consult a specialist, as the malignant tumour in the ovary presents itself in a solid form, however, in some cases, it can be seen as a cyst.

Women of childbearing age, ovarian tumors are rare. In women after menopause, the occurrence of semi-cystic-looking tumors is more common, requiring more medical attention, however, it is also not a warning sign.

Symptoms of cyst in the ovaries

Most of the ovarian cyst with cause symptoms and disappear spontaneously after a few weeks. Getting even many women to have them without even realizing it.

They do not cause infertility or menstrual changes, with the exception of Endometrioma, which, as explained above, has certain symptoms.

Some of the most common symptoms of ovarian cysts are:

– Having irregular menstrual cycles (mainly long and past 35 days).
– discomfort or feeling of weight or pressure in the pelvis
– pain when urinating or during bowel movements
– pelvic pain at the beginning or end of the menstrual period
– pain during sexual intercourse (dyspareunia)
– pain during pelvic movement
– pain in the lower belly
– constant, severe pelvic pain
– sudden, intense pelvic pain
– breast tenderness or pain
– weight gain

Treatments for ovarian cysts

In women between the ages of 20 and 35, most cysts do not require treatment because they cause few or even no symptoms. Cysts tend to go away after a month or two. Of course, it’s best to consult a doctor and follow up, because they could grow or evolve into something more complex.

Consult your doctor if

  • You have one or more of the ovarian cyst symptoms listed above.
  • You’re in intense pain.
  • You have bleeding that’s not normal for you.
  • You fill up quickly when you eat or you often lose your appetite.

The size of the cyst does not say if it is malignant or benign, it can be of any type because of it, it is necessary to have control and much effort if some problem of this type is perceived.

Because if the cyst is very large, usually larger than 5 cm and with continuous growth, it can cause very intense symptoms. In these cases, surgery to remove the ovarian cyst is an option to consider.

Anyway, you don’t have to worry and always consult your doctor.

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