Hazelnut. The hazelnut is the fruit of the hazelnut tree (Corylus avellana), a shrub that belongs to the Betuláceas family, native to the temperate zone of the northern hemisphere.
Hazelnut has a subtle taste and excellent nutritional qualities. It is a fruit with many health benefits and virtues.
Hazelnut and its health benefits
Rich in lipids and proteins, the hazelnut is a source of energy, but also contains a significant amount of vitamins, minerals and trace elements. It is a food of choice for inclusion in vegetarian diets.
Hazelnut, a very strong antioxidant, plays a role in reducing the damage caused by free radicals in the body that are involved in the development of cardiovascular disease, certain cancers and other age-related diseases.
Hazelnuts contain a large amount of monounsaturated fatty acids that tend to reduce “bad” cholesterol.
Source of insoluble and soluble fiber, hazelnuts contribute to the good functioning of the intestinal transit, to the prevention of cardiovascular diseases and to the control of certain types of diabetes.
Hazelnut leaves have a vasoconstrictive and anti-inflammatory action. In external use, hazelnut leaf decoctions (30 g of leaves per liter of water) relieve the pain of varicose veins and venous disorders in general, and help soothe certain skin conditions. They also have astringent qualities that relieve and regulate diarrhea.
In children, hazelnut oil can be used as a mild de-worming agent.
The bark of the hazelnut twigs, in external use, is an excellent local sedative for hemorrhoids. It also allows the healing of varicose ulcers.
Cultivate the hazelnut tree for its benefits
Plant your hazelnut trees in an open and sunny area protected from the eastern winds. It likes fresh, light, deep and rather humus-carrying soils. In low concentrations, the hazelnut tree adapts to limestone.
A young hazelnut tree can remain in a pot for three or four years as long as it is grown in a container of at least 40 cm.
Hazelnuts in the kitchen for their benefits
We crunch the hazelnuts, fresh or dry. We also like them roasted, in ice cream, in liquor, in cakes or as an appetizer. They go particularly well with chocolate.
You can use hazelnut oil in salad dressings, it goes particularly well with lamb lettuce. It is highly sought after for its lipid composition.
The nutritional intake of the hazelnut
680 kcal/100 g. Hazelnut is rich in vitamins B and E, magnesium, trace elements and fibre. The hazelnut is a quality nutritional supplement, a good antianemic. Among all the oleaginous fruits, hazelnuts are the richest in proteins and lipids.
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