At the beginning of pregnancy, you may feel a little dizzy or fade at some point, when you change your posture or make a physical effort we’ll see what you can do.
Even if feeling dizzy during pregnancy frightens you, you should know that this is a completely normal symptom, because from the first moment your baby begins to form, your cardiovascular system undergoes important changes and the amount of blood your heart pumps can increase drastically.
The sensation of dizziness and fainting during pregnancy is very common during the first trimester of pregnancy.
Dizziness in pregnancy, like the feeling of fainting, is very common during the first trimester, but can also sometimes be felt throughout the pregnancy.
Although the body is prepared to deal with all the changes involved in having a baby, it is absolutely normal for the cardiovascular system to fail to keep up and from time to time cause you to feel dizzy, lightheaded and even faint.
Dizziness, contrary to what many people think, is a defense mechanism and during pregnancy they are completely normal.
We explain all the causes that cause these symptoms of dizziness in pregnancy and the measures you can take to prevent it. Keep reading!
If you’re in your first trimester, you may have already experienced some dizziness during pregnancy, the first question is why do dizziness occur?
Over the course of these first three months, the cardiovascular system undergoes several changes to adapt to the presence of the baby, but as the baby adapts, you may feel a little unbalanced.
It is normal to experience dizziness and discomfort in pregnancy as a result of changes in the body.
To support your baby, your cardiovascular system must cope with the increase in blood volume, which increases from 30% to 50%.
To compensate for this change, the heart also starts pumping more blood per minute and automatically increases beats.
On the other hand, the increase in hormones so frequent at this stage, causes the blood vessels to relax and widen. While this can help the blood flow to the baby, it can also delay the return of blood and cause blood pressure to drop more than normal.
This decrease in blood flow causes the brain not to get enough, and when this happens, it is very likely that you will feel dizzy or even faint.
In pregnancy it is normal for blood pressure to drop.
Other common causes of dizziness in pregnancy
Although the main reason for dizziness and fainting during pregnancy is due to changes in the cardiovascular system, these can also be caused by hypoglycemia, i.e. low blood sugar levels, which can occur because the body is adapting to changes in metabolism.
By the second trimester, dizziness in pregnancy can be caused because the size of the belly can put pressure on the blood vessels and interfere slightly with circulation.
If you lie on your mouth and your tummy has grown considerably, your baby’s weight will press on the vena cava (the most important vein in the body, which carries blood from the lower part of the body to the heart), you will have a low blood pressure and you will automatically feel dizzy.
Many times dizziness is a consequence of the size of the belly.
Iron deficiency can also be a major cause of dizziness during pregnancy, so pregnant women who have anemia or varicose veins may be much more susceptible to dizziness than those who do not. If you overexert yourself when doing physical activity or get very hot, you may also feel dizzy.
What do I do if I feel dizzy and lightheaded?
First of all you should know that dizziness is nothing more than a defense mechanism of our body. When the brain does not receive enough blood flow, it alerts the rest of the body and orders the body to position itself horizontally when we faint, so that the return of blood is resumed in an easy and quick way.
Now that you are in a state, you should be very attentive to dizziness and fainting sensations as falls can be dangerous.
For this reason, the first thing we advise you to do is to lie on your side and stay calm. Lying down will increase blood flow to the heart and brain, as explained above, which will prevent you from fainting and the feeling of dizziness from disappearing.
Pay close attention to dizziness and fainting as falls can be dangerous.
If you are in the street and it is impossible for you to lie down, sit down as soon as you can to avoid fainting and falling. If your tummy allows, place your head between your knees so that blood flow can ascend to the top of your body.
If you feel dizzy, it’s best to sit down.
It is also important that you go to a cool place and take off some clothes to regain air. If you are at home and you can do it, submerge your arms in a tobo of cold water and then drink some coffee or a sugary drink that helps you regulate blood sugar levels to make you feel better.
Sitting or lying down can help resume blood circulation and relieve the feeling of dizziness.
Tips for Preventing Dizziness in Pregnancy
Are you one of those who suffer from dizziness and the feeling of fainting very often? Calm down! Both dizziness and fainting can be prevented.
Here are some of the most effective tips you can do to reduce the onset of dizziness in pregnancy.
When sleeping, lie on your side
Once you reach the second and third trimesters of pregnancy, it is important that you do not lie on your back, because as we have seen, the weight of the baby can put pressure on the vena cava, slowing the circulation of blood, causing the feeling of dizziness. For this reason it is recommended that whenever you go to lie down, you do it on the side, preferably on the left side.
Get up slowly
When you sit or stand for a long time, blood accumulates in the lower part of your body, so your body may not be able to reincorporate again when you get up. When this happens, there is not enough blood return from the legs to the heart, so the blood pressure drops and you feel dizzy.
To avoid it, you lifted slowly and progressively from the sofa, the bed or even the bathtub so that your body has a chance to recover and get the usual rhythm of blood flow.
Avoid standing for long periods of time
Standing for a long time can also worsen the return of blood flow to the upper body, so it’s best to avoid standing. If for some reason you can’t take a seat, move your legs occasionally to encourage circulation. You can also wear compressed stockings, as they are excellent in these cases.
Avoid standing for a long time
Good nutrition is essential in pregnancy, so if you don’t eat well enough, your blood sugar levels will drop and you’ll feel dizzy all the time. It is also very important that you stay hydrated, because when you exercise and go through a lot of heat, low hydration can also cause dizziness.
Take some healthy snacks such as fruit, juices, nuts, walnuts or granola with you so that you can eat constantly but in few portions and in a healthy way.
Avoid places where it is too hot
High summer temperatures in some places, such as hot showers, can cause blood vessels to dilate, causing blood pressure to drop and annoying dizziness to appear.
As with anxiety, exaggerated exercise can cause an increase in heart rate and hyperventilation (rapid, deep breathing), which facilitates the onset of dizziness and fainting during pregnancy.
Exercise is very beneficial for activating the blood circulation as long as we do it in a moderate way. So start practicing your routine slowly and progressively, but if you get dizzy it’s time to stop!
Whenever you get dizzy, lie down and, if you can, elevate your legs.
Dizziness and fainting: When should you consult your doctor?
During pregnancy, feeling dizzy or fainting after getting up quickly, getting too hot, or not eating well is not uncommon and is almost never a warning sign, but if these are accompanied by blurred vision, headaches, or strong palpitations, it’s time to contact your doctor.
These symptoms may alert you to a severe anemia or other illness that may be affecting your pregnancy.
It is also a cause for alarm if dizziness, bleeding or abdominal pain, because it could be a sign that you are suffering an ectopic pregnancy, a low placenta, or detachment of the placenta. When this happens, go to the doctor immediately!
Dizziness in pregnancy tends to be more frequent at first, but as the body adapts to the changes and the presence of the baby, the baby tends to disappear.
Remember that if you feel dizziness coming, lie on your side and stay calm for a few minutes, you will soon feel better!
Always remember to consult your doctor to see your particular case.