What is acne?
Pimples on the face (and other parts of the body), or what we commonly know as acne, are skin lesions that occur when the duct (hair follicle) that carries dead cells and sebum produced by the sebaceous glands to the surface of the skin is blocked.
Occasionally, the duct becomes plugged, resulting in the formation of pimples or blackheads. These usually appear in the area of the face, neck, back, chest and shoulders.
It is a condition that usually occurs in adolescence, although it may persist into adulthood (5% of men and 12% of women between the ages of 25 and 45 suffer from it).
Common Acne Causes
The main reason for the appearance of acne is hormonal change (caused by stages such as puberty, the menstrual cycle, pregnancy, etc.), although there are also other factors that can cause an overproduction of sebum on the skin such as:
- Poor feeding
- Poor hygiene
- Climate change
- Genetic inheritance
- Contraceptive use
It presents as skin lesions that cause redness, pore swelling, sebum accumulation and scarring.
Acne can manifest itself with varying degrees of intensity. Depending on the severity of the symptoms, it can be classified as mild, moderate, and severe. In the latter case, the patient may suffer from fever, muscle and joint pain and inflammation.
As always the first recommendation is never to overlook the symptoms that may present our body because they may be a sign of a malfunction in some part of the body, and given that this condition may be caused by different factors what is recommended is to visit a specialist to determine the correct causes. Inadequate treatment could aggravate symptoms. Seeking expert opinion is especially important if there are signs of severe acne.
Despite this there are a number of tips that can be adopted to maintain good skin health, some of these are detailed below:
- Do not touch the pimples. It is the first impulse that is felt when seeing the grain, but it turns out to be an unadvisable practice 100%, because they can cause wounds that leave marks or scars.
- Maintain hygiene. It is recommended to wash the face twice a day (in the morning and before going to sleep) with a neutral soap, being very careful because excessive friction can leave the skin sensitive and cause dryness. The skin to compensate for this will produce more oil, and it is not the effect you want to achieve.
- Exfoliate the skin. It is recommended to do this once a week, preferably using natural products that do not affect the PH of the skin.
- Do not touch the face with dirty hands. The skin of this part of the body is very sensitive and exposing it to the contact of the hands will do that this one produces more fat, in addition, the hands are continuously touching objects in which proliferate great amount of bacteria and germs and without realizing it we deposit them in our skin when touching us the face.
- Keep your face clear. For aesthetic tastes or to follow fashions sometimes the decision is made to cut the hair so that it covers entire parts of the face such as the forehead or cheeks, causing the accumulation of germs and bacteria and once again the overproduction of fat in that area. In the case of such a cut, extreme care and hygiene measures must be taken to keep the skin free of pimples.
- Eat a balanced diet. Eating an excess of junk food, saturated fats and refined sugars is detrimental to the overall health of our body, also in this case increases the natural tendency to suffer acne. Take fresh fruits and vegetables and drink plenty of water to keep the skin hydrated.
- Exercise. By exercising the body produces sweat through which toxins and dead cells are eliminated, also improves circulation and oxygenation of the blood which contributes to healthy skin.
- Controlling Contraceptive Use: Doctors sometimes recommend taking birth control pills to regulate the body’s hormonal processes, but this does not always have the expected results because it can cause the opposite effect. It should be borne in mind that each body is different and individuals do not always react in the same way to the same medicine, or it can also happen that having reduced the acne the contraceptive treatment is withdrawn, which causes a rebound effect in the body.
- Avoid stress: This is an effective recommendation not only in this case, since stress is within the list of causes of many diseases, so it is important to be aware of making responsible use of time, also leaving room for important activities such as rest, sleep the necessary hours and have moments of relaxation, all this will help the body maintain a balanced functioning.
- Use appropriate products: It is important to know the type of skin we have because it will depend on the needs we have to meet through the use of creams and cosmetics. There are specific options on the market for each type of skin (dry, normal, mixed and oily).
The use of hypoallergenic and moisturizing products is also recommended, preferably free of silicones, parabens and strong perfumes. It is necessary to be very careful with the products that we place in direct contact with our skin.
It is also important to pre-test the products to ensure that they do not cause irritation or allergies.
Home Remedies for Grains
The previous points have detailed the varied origin of this condition and have also recommended some fundamental tips to prevent the appearance of acne, however it is important to mention that although people often seek to remove pimples from the face from one day to another, this is more a process that must be repeated more than once.
Below is a list of home remedies made with natural products:
- Tomato: Cut a piece, rub it on the skin and let it rest for 15 minutes and then rinse with warm water. This will help eliminate blackheads and clear pores.
- Cucumber: Machacar and place the resulting paste on the face, let it act for 30 minutes and rinse. This will provide hydration and freshness to the skin while helping to regulate the production of oil in the skin.
- Lemon and rose water: Mix the juice of one lemon and an equal portion of rose water and use in the affected areas as an astringent tonic.
- Cornstarch: Mix one tablespoon of cornstarch with one and a half tablespoons of water to form a paste that will be placed like a mask. This remedy helps to absorb excess oil from the skin.
- Egg white: To be placed as a mask for 15 minutes on the skin, after this time is removed by rinsing with lukewarm water. It is effective in fighting acne thanks to the action of the retinoids.