What is gingival inflammation?
This is a common condition that manifests swelling and color change in the papillae (triangular area between the teeth) of the gums that can cause bleeding.
This is a common condition in adults, according to published data the percentage of adults between 33-44 years who have healthy gums is less than 15% and recorded just over 10% in adults aged 65-74 years, from which we can deduce that it is a disease that increases its incidence with age.
Causes of Gum Inflammation
Their origin can be given for several reasons and the treatment will depend on them, therefore, it is important to determine their origin in order to find the right treatment. Some of the causes are described below:
- Poor nutrition. Not consuming enough fresh fruits and vegetables that provide the amount of vitamin C necessary for the proper functioning of our body.
- Exceeding tobacco and alcohol consumption. It is no secret that both products deteriorate our health and in this case the mouth is seriously affected.
- The use of irritating oral hygiene products. In which case it is recommended to discontinue use immediately.
- Accumulation of tartar due to poor or incorrect dental hygiene. This can lead to a bacterial infection that destroys the gum tissue, teeth and bone, leading to the loss of teeth.
- Consumption of medicines. Sometimes gum inflammation can be part of the side effects or allergies caused by some drugs.
- hormonal changes Inflammation can occur during periods such as puberty, the menstrual cycle, pregnancy, and after childbirth.
- Improperly fitted dentures or orthodontic appliances or appliances that make daily cleaning difficult.
The most obvious sign is the inflammation that the patient can easily notice, but this may be accompanied by other signs such as:
- Color change. The gums usually turn their natural pink color by another shade of more intense red.
- Injuries and bleeding. Wounds may appear that cause pain and bleeding not only during brushing but also throughout the day or during meals.
- Sensitivity to cold and heat. Those who have suffered this ailment will know how annoying this reaction can be because it makes the act of eating difficult and is completely unpleasant.
- Difficulty chewing. As in the previous case, the pain produced in the gums can also be felt in the teeth during meals and in the more advanced stages of this disease it can even be noticed that the teeth seem to be moving or loose.
It is recommended to seek the help of a professional to determine the possible causes of inflammation, however it is important to follow these recommendations to prevent and cure this condition:
- Brush your teeth after every meal. It is important not to neglect oral hygiene and you should also be careful with brushing because doing so abruptly can also cause swelling and bleeding of the gums.
- Use dental floss. It is essential not to forget this step daily but like brushing has to be carried out with care so as not to cause injury or irritation.
- Eating fruits and vegetables that contain vitamin C should be essential in our daily diet, as well as reducing the consumption of sweets and sweet drinks. Clearly, alcohol and tobacco consumption must also be reduced.
- Choose the right toothpaste and mouthwash. In the market there are different options and in case of doubt it is better to ask for the recommendation of a specialist.
- Drink plenty of water. It is a source of health and remedy for many diseases and this was not going to be the exception. It is important because by drinking it, we eliminate traces of food that contribute to the proliferation of bacteria.
Home remedies for swollen gums
As always there is a wide range of possibilities when it comes to treating a condition in a natural way and with products that we have at hand, but we must always take into account the diagnosis of a professional, because if applied wrongly a remedy can aggravate the problems rather than solve them.
Once we know the exact diagnosis and the causes of the inflammation, we can supplement the prescribed treatment with one of the home remedies listed below:
- Salt water. It should be done twice a day by mixing a tablespoon of salt in a glass of warm water, this remedy will act as antiseptic and anti-inflammatory. It should be used as a mouthwash after brushing.
- Lemon. The healing properties of this fruit act in the same way as salt, the procedure is basically the same, only in this case we add the juice of half a lemon to the glass of lukewarm water.
- Honey tea. The tannic acid present in tea has antiseptic properties and honey is antibacterial, combining both we get an effective remedy to treat inflammation.
Put a tea bag in a cup of boiling water and let it rest until it is warm and add a spoonful of honey.
The mixture should be applied with the help of cotton or gauze by placing it on the gums after brushing teeth.
- Aloe Vera. This plant has regenerative and anti-inflammatory properties, it is enough to rub the gel that is inside the leaves (you can also use the gel that they sell already packaged) on the gums after washing.
- Bicarbonate. It is antibacterial, helps keep teeth white and eliminate plaque that causes inflammation, just mix a small amount of this product with toothpaste of our choice and then do the brushing as usual.
Like many other diseases that become chronic, gum inflammation is as common due to lack of attention and early diagnosis that determines the cause.
This is why it is important to put all these recommendations into practice and even if home and natural remedies are applied, you should never miss a periodic review by a specialist before regretting major damage and having to resort to surgery.