World War Biography
A World War is a war in which different nations are confronted and its consequences affect the planet as a whole. There have been two world wars, the first and the second.
The first (also known as the Great War) took place between 1914 and 1918. The second took place between 1939 and 1945.
Each of them had its causes and consequences, and today the world order is to a large extent the result of the two contests, mainly the second one.
¿Whats a World War?
A world war is a war event that directly involves a large number of countries, especially the central countries, and forces others to take a stand for one side or the other.
There have been two world wars in the history of mankind, both with dire consequences in terms of the loss of human life and the destruction of the economy.
For a long time, there were also fears of the emergence of a third world war, a consequence of the tensions between the former Soviet Union and the United States of America, tensions that had an economic and cultural correlation; with the dissolution of the socialist countries this type of danger seems to have vanished.
Where were development World Wars
Both the First and the Second World Wars had their development in Europe. The first began in July 1914 after an attack in Sarajevo took the life of the Archduke of Austria.
This event triggered the war between Austria and Serbia, each with the support of different European nations. Finally, this conflagration ended in November 1918 with the defeat of the Austro-Hungarian Empire, the German Empire and the Ottoman Empire by the Allies.
The consequences of this incident would sow the seeds of what would later become the Second World War. Indeed, the economy was severely affected and the wounds from the material and human losses remained open.
Second World War
This confrontation was even more devastating than the First World War meant, tens of millions of people died and weapons of mass destruction were developed as an attempt to gain superiority over the rival. It ended in 1945 after the United States dropped the atomic bomb on Nagasaki.
Consequences of the Second World War
The consequence of the Second World War was a reordering of world politics, with two predominant and opposing poles: the Soviet Union and the United States.
They would maintain for years a tension that came to be known as the Cold War and which many feared would be the anticipation of a new world war, a circumstance that never happened.
There are those who say that World War II was the only conflict that truly developed on a planetary scale. More than seventy countries were involved and some 60 million people died, or about 2% of the world’s population at the time.
The possible declaration of a Third World War has been questioned by historians. Most of today’s armed conflicts involve countries around the world, either directly or indirectly, through alliance systems or through supranational organizations such as the UN. Therefore, it is likely that a third war will never be formally declared.
In addition to the millions of victims, including soldiers and civilians, the Second World War left an indelible mark on human history. On the economic and infrastructure front, many European countries were hit hard, as were China and Japan.
The Soviet Union and the United States were the countries that gained the most strength during the war.
Their differences at the ideological level were the starting point of their battles, leading to two camps of allied countries: the Soviets occupied much of Central and Eastern Europe, with Lithuania, Estonia, Moldova, parts of Poland and Finland, and Latvia joining their group.
Poland won part of former German territories, while Germany split in two: in its western half, taken over by North America, the United Kingdom, and France, a democratic government developed; the eastern part, on the other hand, saw the Soviet invasion and the imposition of communism as a form of government.
The military alliance created by the Soviet Union was known as the Warsaw Pact, while the US alliance was called NATO.
France was in favour of North America, although its independence was less affected than that of the other European countries.
After the World War
Despite their victories, France and the United Kingdom saw their power diminish, which was reflected in the decolonization of some of their overseas territories: Pakistan and India gained independence; in Algeria and Vietnam, on the other hand, they began to fight against the colonial system.
Faced with the economic downturn in European countries, North America began an assistance plan called Marshall, which aimed to restore strength to its allies by offering a series of loans.
Opposed to the ruin of some, the United States became the country with the strongest economy on the planet and capitalism adopted the dollar as its reference currency.