¿Cuáles son los síntomas de la neumonía?
Pneumonia is an inflammation of the lungs usually caused by viruses or bacteria. It is more common in children and the elderly.
It is important that you always ask your specialist what type of pneumonia you have so that you know what care to take and what you are facing.
Infection occurs when germs reach the lungs but can occur in a variety of ways.
This disease usually affects people with weakened immune systems most often, such as the elderly or children.
The progression of pneumonia can lead to different health problems, so it is important to detect it as early as possible.
If you want to know more about the causes and symptoms of pneumonia, you’ll find all the answers in this article.
What exactly is pneumonia?
The lungs carry out one of the most important processes of the human body: breathing. They distribute oxygen and expel carbon dioxide from our bodies.
Pneumonia is an infection of one or both lungs.
The infection causes the lungs to fill with fluid and pus, making it much harder to breathe. It can be life-threatening because of:
- Decreased oxygen.
- The build-up of carbon dioxide in the body.
Seek medical attention for the following symptoms:
- Coughing up blood
- Heart rate is more than 100 beats per 1 minute.
- Fatigue or confusion
- Chest pain or shortness of breath
- Lips or fingernails turn gray or blue
Treatment for pneumonia
will depend on the cause and severity. A medicine may be prescribed to treat the infection. You may also need acetaminophen to reduce pain or fever. Ask how much and how often you should take it.
Acetaminophen can damage the liver by not taking it correctly. You may need to do exercises that help loosen mucus so you can breathe better.
You may also need a device or machine to decrease your symptoms or to help you breathe.
Dealing with his symptoms:
Rest as much as necessary. Rest often throughout the day. Rest between activities.
Drink fluids as directed. Ask how much fluid you should drink each day and which fluids are best for you. Fluids help dissolve mucus, which makes it easier for you to cough up secretions.
Do not smoke. Smoking increases your risk of getting pneumonia. Smoking prevents early recovery after you have had pneumonia. Ask your health care provider for more information if you need help quitting smoking.
What causes pneumonia?
- Bacteria and viruses that originate in the nose, mouth, or sinuses
can move into the lungs.
- Inhaling microbes.
- Inhaling certain foods, liquids, or secretions, among other things.
- Pneumococcal disease infection.
- Complications of the flu.
- Fungal infections.
What are the symptoms of pneumonia?
The symptoms of pneumonia can vary depending on the case and the progression of the disease in a given patient. The most common symptoms include
1. Chills. People with pneumonia usually experience chills several times a day. These chills can last from thirty to sixty minutes.
2. Fever and cough. Fever and cough are commonly the second symptoms seen in those affected by pneumonia. They may show constant fevers up to 104° F (40° C), illness, and general cough.
Mucus and phlegm may also be present in coughing. They can be brown-red or yellow-green. In some cases, blood may be present.
Similarly, fever and cough may be preceded by a throat infection.
3. Breathing difficulties. Breathing difficulties occur because of the lack of oxygen that the body receives when it suffers from a disease such as pneumonia. It is most evident when doing activities that require physical effort such as:
- Climbing stairs.
- Walking fast.
- Lifting heavy objects.
- In addition to making breathing difficult, this condition can also lead to rapid, shallow breathing.
4. Pain when inhaling. People with pneumonia usually experience pain when breathing… The pain is the result of an inflamed pleura, better known as pleurisy.
5. Numbness and color changes in the extremities
Lack of oxygen in the body can cause coldness, swelling, and numbness in the following areas:
- Members of the body
- In addition, all these areas may appear blue or purplish.
6. joint pain. Some people with this condition may have constant joint pain due to the low amount of oxygen flowing through the body.
7. Confusion. In some cases, pneumonia can cause mental changes such as confusion or disorientation in the elderly.
8. White nail syndrome. Also known as leukonychia, this syndrome may be the result of chemical poisoning, heart disease, pneumonia or hypoalbuminemia.
In addition to the above, other pneumonia include:
- Excessive sweating and sticky skin.
- Low energy and fatigue.
- If you have several of these symptoms, you should ask your doctor you trust to take the appropriate tests for this condition. By doing so, you can start the right treatment for your case.
- Get a flu shot every year. You can reduce your risk by getting the flu vaccine on an annual basis.
- Maintain good hygiene. Hands come in contact with many germs all day long. Take the time to wash your hands often, especially after using the bathroom and before eating.
- Don’t smoke. Don’t smoke. Smoking damages the lungs and makes it harder for the body to fight off germs and diseases.
- Live a healthy lifestyle. Eat a balanced diet with plenty of fruits and vegetables. Exercise regularly and get enough sleep.
- Avoid being with sick people. This considerably increases the risk of contagion.
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