Symptoms of Pregnancy
It is extremely important to know the body’s reactions to certain stimuli and when it comes to the symptoms of pregnancy it is essential to determine whether they are normal or not.
A symptom is a sign or indication that something is happening or will happen in the future.
In the field of health, it is a physical representation of something that might be functioning abnormally in a person’s body.
In this sense, every pathology or every change in a person’s body is accompanied by a characteristic symptomatology. With the help of the same one detects which specific change is to come. And pregnancy does not escape this characterization.
The symptomatology of each pregnancy varies according to the conditions of the mother. These conditions can be environmental, psychological, social, economic and emotional; different in each case and predispose each woman to a different pregnancy.
Likewise, for each stage of pregnancy there is a more or less specific symptom picture that reflects the state of the pregnancy. However, despite their differences, the similarities are remarkable and worthy of study.
Therefore, it is important to know which symptoms are common and which are not in order to pay attention to what it requires and to have good care within the pregnancy.
11 First symptoms of pregnancy during the first trimester
The symptoms between the first two weeks and three months are decisive for suspecting or knowing if you are pregnant. These are varied and can sometimes be confused with other conditions. However, by coming together, they can give a strong indication that a woman is pregnant.
The most common symptoms early in pregnancy are:
FIRST SYMPTOM: Menstrual Delay
One of the main indicators that a woman is pregnant is the delay of the regular menstrual cycle. This is most noticeable in women who have a constant cycle and menstruation disappears. It is the characteristic symptom of a pregnancy reflected in any television program in the world and appears among the first symptoms in most cases.
SECOND SYMPTOM: Vaginal bleeding and discharge
Bleeding tends to occur between the first two weeks of pregnancy and occurs only with some women. The reason is unknown. But some lose a little blood that could be from implantation of the fertilized egg.
As for vaginal discharge, it usually intensifies. It is equal to the regular flow of ovulation that appears in fertile periods, transparent and odorless.
THIRD SYMPTOM: Colic, abdominal pain and swelling, nausea, vomiting and constipation
Stomach discomfort in general usually accompanies pregnancy. This is due to the proximity of the fetus to the stomach and intestines, as well as the changes that condition the environment for a new living being. These symptoms, although common, vary from woman to woman and usually appear during the first trimester. They may all be submitted at the same time or only one of them may be submitted. However, its recurrence is quite notorious.
FOURTH SYMPTOM: Altered appearance of breasts, re-growth and pain
The mammary glands are also affected, they are immediately informed by the organism that it is going to receive a new life to which it is necessary to feed. In the first months of pregnancy the breasts begin to enlarge and this growth generates pain. In the same way the formation of colostrum could alter the shape of the breasts.
FIFTH SYMPTOM: Frequent urge to urinate
This accompanies vaginal bleeding and discharge. The fertilization of the egg and the constant growth of the egg can generate pressure in the bladder that gives a constant sensation of the urge to urinate.
SIXTH SYMPTOM: Dizziness and headaches
It includes dizziness and migraines which, in women who regularly suffer from this condition, tend to intensify. At the same time the woman may feel frequent dizziness following nausea and general malaise.
SEVENTH SYMPTOM: Acne
The production of hormones in the body is often the cause of acne. During pregnancy the production of hormones increases a lot and because of this many pregnant women suffer as a symptom in the first months acne anywhere in the body.
EIGHTH SYMPTOM: Lumbar and joint pain
Pain in the bones and joints is also associated with the change in the body preparing for a state in which it would have to carry much more weight. Joint conditioning causes constant pain in many pregnant women.
NINTH SYMPTOM: Alteration of the palate and smell
It is a common symptom that the sense of taste and smell are sharpened. For this reason, a woman may develop repugnance for certain specific smells and tastes which may cause physical discomfort. At the same time, a woman may feel a special attraction for a specific type of food or culinary taste and want it all the time.
TENTH SYMPTOM: Mood swings
This is also due to the production of hormones that tend to make sudden changes in a woman’s emotional state. These sudden hormonal changes during the first trimester make a woman’s mood very variable.
SYMPTOM FIRST: Excessive fatigue and tiredness
The increase of progesterone in the body makes the body spend all its energy in this production and this can generate too much tiredness in women during the first months. After this stage, the body normally recovers the lost energy and returns to normal.
These are just some of the first symptoms that may appear and serve to notice a pregnancy or rule it out as the case may be. A pregnant woman may have one, several, all, or none of the symptoms. You may also have additional symptoms that are specific to your personal condition.
According to the Instituto Nacional de Gestión Sanitaria de España, a pregnancy can even take the form of a flu or allergy. This is because of the condition of each woman’s organism and how it presents itself in front of the change.
13 Symptoms of a Second Trimester Pregnancy
At this point, the woman usually knows she’s pregnant. Usually many symptoms of the first weeks of pregnancy disappear giving rise to new discomfort and another symptom picture that must be taken care of.
Symptoms usually present in the second trimester are:
FIRST SYMPTOM: Practice Contractions / Braxton Hicks
Mild pains feel in the lower abdomen and belly. They appear suddenly and disappear in the same way. They usually do not become unbearable and are completely normal as preparation of the body for the time of delivery.
SECOND SYMPTOM: Pain in Sciatica
It is very common for pregnant women starting in the second trimester of pregnancy to begin to suffer severe pain in sciatica (lower back). This is because the hormone relaxin, which is secreted during pregnancy, distends the ligaments and causes intense pain from the back to the knees, including the thighs. Doctors recommend exercise and weight control to avoid further strain.
THIRD SYMPTOM: Cramps in the legs, calves and feet
They usually appear when lying down and venous return is slower. The reason is that the rate of circulation in pregnant women is different and slower, so the blood takes longer to reach some places and this generates the feeling of cramps. The general recommendation is to exercise, massage and stretch before going to bed.
FOURTH SYMPTOM: Increased sexual desire
Although in the first trimester many pregnant women feel very sick and unwilling to have sex, during the second trimester the hormonal development causes the woman to feel more sexual desires than usual.
Biological reasons result in the hormonal disorder that a woman experiences during pregnancy, enlarged and tender breasts and increased blood flow in the vaginal area.
Fifth Symptom: “Pregnant Brain.”
This is called the distraction, difficulty concentrating, and lack of memory that pregnant women commonly have during their second trimester. The main reason is the hormonal disorder; however as many women suffer it others remain with their perfectly normal mental functions.
SIXTH SYMPTOM: Minor respiratory difficulties
The increasing level of estrogen causes the components of the respiratory system to become inflamed and hinder basic respiratory functions. There tends to be nasal congestion and excess mucus in both the phlegm and the nose.
SYMPTOM SEVENTH: Difficulty breathing and more urge to urinate
The baby’s growth creates less room for other organs. It is normal for a woman to feel shortness of breath when pressing on her lungs or diaphragm. In the same way, the increasing pressure on the bladder emitted by the embryonic sac makes the urge to urinate more and more constant.
EIGHTH SYMPTOM: Sensitive, bleeding gums and nosebleeds
Hormones are responsible for swollen or tender gums. Also, blood flow through the body during pregnancy is excessive. This causes the blood vessels to expand so that they can reflect small nosebleeds and bleeding in the gums.
NINTH SYMPTOM: Hemorrhoids
Usually accompanied by constipation and stomach discomfort that may persist from the first month of pregnancy and accentuate in the second. The dilation of veins causes the rectal vessels to increase their pressure and hemorrhoids to appear as a cause of this stress. In some cases they may bleed.
TENTH SYMPTOM: Heart disorders
As part of the change in blood flow, it is common to feel certain stronger palpitations or tachycardias. It is the body’s way of “catching up” and sending blood to all the places where it should and with the required speed. Another cause of this may be too much stress during pregnancy and it accentuates these types of symptoms.
SYMPTOM FIRST: Skin Changes
Some women have dry skin, itching, and rashes. They may also have increased sensitivity to the sun’s rays and red or itchy palms.
In addition, in some pregnant women, a dark line may appear that runs down the middle of the belly to where the pubic hair begins. External symptoms that usually go away after the pregnancy is over.
SECOND SYMPTOM: Stretch Marks
Stretching the skin causes elastic fibers to crack and create visible cracks in the skin. This phenomenon is called stretch marks and commonly occurs in pregnant women in the region of the breasts and abdomen.
Stretch marks usually fade or become less visible when the skin returns to its natural state after pregnancy, however the most common treatment to take care of this aspect is to keep the skin well moisturized and keep the body in good shape.
THIRTEENTH SYMPTOM: Baby Movements
Starting in the second trimester it is normal to begin to feel the baby move inside the stomach, as well as give kicks and other signs that in effect moves and is there.
6 Symptoms of Third Trimester Pregnancy
In the third trimester of pregnancy, the symptoms presented in the second trimester usually intensify. However there are certain variations in it to be mentioned:
FIRST SYMPTOM: Minor Discomfort
Pain commonly occurs beneath the ribs and breasts, as well as vaginal pain as a result of stretching the skin and other organs to accommodate a baby. They are normal discomforts that can be relieved with exercise and rest.
SECOND SYMPTOM: Swelling and fluid retention in the legs
This is due to the circulation that becomes much slower in this period and by which it is more difficult for liquids to be disposed of in the usual manner. This can lead to a lot of swelling in the feet and legs and pain when walking.
THIRD SYMPTOM: Sleep Disorders
The baby’s weight as well as his restlessness (or stillness) can cause the mother’s sleep to vary according to her movements. In addition, many women suffer from insomnia or interrupted sleep associated with the anxiety felt in the face of the proximity of childbirth.
FOURTH SYMPTOM: Urinary urgency and incontinence
When the baby is placed in the exit position, its head usually exerts much more pressure on the bladder, making the woman want to go to the bathroom very often and when she feels like it, she can’t hold them for long.
FIFTH SYMPTOM: Weight Gain
This is the quarter in which the most abrupt weight gain is expected because the baby’s growth and the formation of its organs is faster.
SIXTH SYMPTOM: Frequent Contractions
The closer you are to your due date, the more frequent the Braxton Hicks contractions will become and these will intensify until delivery.
3 Symptoms that the woman will go into labor
The end of a well-kept pregnancy is childbirth, so in most cases there are characteristic symptoms that a woman should watch out for as she approaches 37 weeks of pregnancy, which is when labor usually begins.
According to experts, labor may last days or even weeks. This is because the body begins to prepare for the great effort required to expel the baby from it and accommodates all the conditions for this to happen.
The most common symptoms that labor has begun are:
FIRST SYMPTOM: Increased contractions
When labor is due, these contractions occur at a frequency of 10 to 20 minutes and do not stop; on the contrary, they increase in intensity and periodicity causing the cervix to dilate and expand to deliver the baby. Women describe this as unbearable pains that become more painful as labor approaches.
SECOND SYMPTOM: Loss of mucous plug
This is a discharge similar to vaginal discharge, but stained with blood and much thicker. It is placed in the cervix to provide a barrier between the vagina and the uterine cavity. When the uterus dilates, this plug is expelled giving a signal that labor is coming soon.
THIRD SYMPTOM: Water Breakage
Although it is not limited, this usually happens when the mucous plug is lost and the woman releases through the vagina the amniotic fluid in which the child has grown throughout his gestation. This is an important signal because without this liquid the child needs to be removed from its mother’s womb.
Frequently Asked Questions in childbirth
Is it normal to break the water but not have contractions?
It is possible for a woman to break waters and not feel any pain or contracture. What is important in this regard is that if contractions do not occur after a couple of hours of rupture it is necessary to induce labor.
The reason for the urgency is that without protection from the germs in the amniotic fluid, the baby is prone to infections and other conditions.
How do you know if the birth is false or true?
Contractions are a natural symptom throughout pregnancy. Therefore, as their periodicity increases during the last trimester, it is sometimes normal to confuse the onset of labor with many contractions in very short periods of time. This is called “false labor.
When true labor will occur, contractions occur every 10 to 20 minutes and are regular and uncomfortable. The discomfort increases and the contractions become more and more frequent but always occur at regular intervals.
Otherwise, it occurs in a false birth, for this reason it is advisable to measure the frequency and duration of contractions. In addition, the pain of false labor contractions are commonly felt in the front of the abdomen.
Another sign that labor is true is that contractions are usually accompanied by light bleeding.
6 Symptoms that reflect that something is wrong during pregnancy
There are many symptoms that are normal and that somehow remind mothers that everything goes well and normally during their pregnancy. But there are other symptoms that present themselves and worsen as a proof that something is not right and must be treated urgently.
It is necessary for each woman to observe her pregnancy carefully because prolonged exposure to a symptom picture could be a reflection of a disease that needs to be treated so as not to compromise the health of her baby or her own.
These symptoms are usually signs of more serious conditions such as pre-eclampsia, premature birth, miscarriage, loss of amniotic fluid, gestational diabetes, ectopic pregnancy, placenta previa, among others.
These are symptoms that just because they occur are a sign of problems. For this reason, it is important to know all the symptoms with which you should go to the doctor immediately.
- Vaginal bleeding: Observable if a lot of blood is lost and is not accompanied by vaginal discharge or other similar fluid. This could be a sign of a miscarriage.
- Decrease or stop of baby’s movements: It is normal for a baby to move and have some personality even from the belly (be very restless or very calm) but all babies move in their mother’s belly. For this reason it is important to be attentive to the baby’s movements; if these cease or diminish from one moment to the next, the cause must be studied because this could reflect a condition that the baby suffers and must be treated.
- fluid leaking out of the vagina Any fluid that does not resemble vaginal discharge is abnormal during pregnancy. There are cases in which in pregnancy there is no water break as such but the woman periodically loses the liquid until the fetus is without it. This is why care must be taken with liquids that are expelled from the vagina.
- Fever: Fever is usually a sign of an infection in the body. It is important that all infections in the mother are treated so that they do not pose a greater risk to the baby.
- Pain or burning when urinating: While it is normal for a woman to urinate a lot during her pregnancy, pain or burning when urinating could be a symptom of a urinary tract infection that the baby will go through at delivery.
- Blurred vision, headache, and ringing in the ears: These are neurological symptoms that could represent a significant increase in blood pressure. This is a sign of preeclampsia and high blood pressure. Both must be taken care of throughout the pregnancy.
9 Pregnancy Problems Identified by Symptoms
There are other types of symptoms that may reflect problems that do not necessarily affect the integrity or life of the baby but still need to be treated and that intensify when having a pregnancy can cause future problems.
Some of these problems are:
During pregnancy blood circulation accelerates, so it is more possible to notice anemia during this period. Anemia occurs when the red blood cell count in the blood is below normal. The World Health Organization offers a standard count for these blood cells in a pregnant woman.
This condition could also be affected by the supply of supplements such as iron and folic acid which interrupt the formation of the necessary red blood cells.
The symptoms of this condition in pregnancy are:
- Fatigue, extreme tiredness, weakness.
- Pale skin
- Dizziness, especially when getting up after sitting for a while
- Shortness of breath.
- Gestational diabetes
It occurs when blood sugar levels rise well above the normal level during pregnancy. For this it does not necessarily have to be a diabetic woman, but the hormonal disorder of pregnancy creates a phenomenon that disrupts the functioning of insulin and sugar levels are not kept under control.
However, this type of diabetes must be controlled as it increases the risk of more serious conditions and other consequences such as premature birth, preeclampsia, the baby being born with hypoglycemia and respiratory problems, among others.
The most common symptoms of this condition are:
- Extreme thirst and hunger.
- Fatigue and tiredness.
- Blood tests that show elevated blood sugar levels.
Both the hormonal disorder and the many changes a woman undergoes, not only internally but externally, could make her go into a depressive picture or delve into a picture she already had before or during pregnancy (in the case of postpartum depression). This can lead to changes of all kinds in your life and negative decision making, so it is important to recognize depression in order to treat it.
The symptoms of a depressed woman are:
- Intense sadness, a lot of crying.
- Generalized discouragement.
- Impotence and irritability.
- changes in appetite (eating too much or not wanting to eat)
- Intentionality to cause harm to self or baby.
- Ectopic pregnancy
This is when pregnancy forms outside the uterus, usually in the fallopian tubes. This makes pregnancy dangerous as it forms far from where it is conditioned to be born, and poses many risks to both mother and child.
The symptoms that characterize it are:
- Pain in the abdomen and shoulders
- Vaginal bleeding
- Dizziness and weakness
It is when the mother’s body for some cause rejects the fetus and expels it from some form of her body. This occurs before 20 weeks of gestation and between 10 and 15 out of 100 pregnant women suffer from it.
According to Women’s Health, miscarriage is usually associated with genetic problems in the fetus, uterus, or cervix, and because of the mother’s health.
According to statistics, most women who abort in this way do not even know they are pregnant, while to a lesser extent, women who have had problems conceiving suffer from this type of abortion.
The symptoms that follow a miscarriage are:
- Previous abortions
- Vaginal bleeding
- Severe abdominal pain and cramps
- strange fluids or tissues coming out of the vagina
- Fetal death
This happens when a baby dies during pregnancy after 20 weeks of gestation. It is much less common than miscarriage and is usually caused by problems with the placenta, genetic problems, uncured infections, and trauma to the mother. In most cases, however, it is not known why a fetal death occurs.
The symptoms that identify it are similar to those of abortion, with the difference that in this case the woman cannot spontaneously expel the fetus through urine but must be washed to remove the remains of the baby from her womb.
The most common features present are……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………..:
- Frequent vaginal bleeding
- Abdominal pain
- Stopping the baby’s movements altogether
- Preeclampsia or Toxemia
Hypertension is a blood pressure-related problem that causes high blood pressure and kidney problems in other organs. This can cause the pregnancy to be terminated and the mother’s health is at serious risk at the time of delivery.
It is also an important cause of many premature births and similar conditions. It is a fairly common condition among first-time pregnancies and even more common when patients are hypertensive.
The symptoms that are evident when there is preeclampsia are:
- Swelling in the legs, hands, and face.
- Too much protein in the urine.
- Stomach aches and general stomach discomfort.
- blurred vision and loss of sight
- Dizziness and vertigo.
- General problems with the baby
The problems that a baby may have during pregnancy are many and are associated with its formation inside the womb of its mother, however, through the symptoms may lead to the suspicion that something is not right with the baby and should be made specific studies to his person and not to the mother.
Some of those signs are:
- The baby moves too much or too little
- The baby is smaller or larger than its gestational age.
- The baby does not react to external stimuli
In all of these cases, prenatal testing is necessary to rule out any poor growth, heart or other problems.
- High-risk pregnancy
It is a pregnancy that is more likely to be complicated either by the health of the mother or the baby, as well as the conditions in which the baby is being gestated. 10 out of 100 women have a pregnancy considered high risk by the medical community.
The causes are varied; they range from the mother’s previous health to the symptoms that develop during pregnancy; they can be social, personal, medical, among others.
A high-risk pregnancy is detected when pregnancy symptoms become so severe that they require special care.
In most cases, during this type of pregnancy the health of both the baby and the mother is looked after by means of special diets, rest (in some cases absolute) and the treatment of the symptoms that aggravate the danger to the pregnancy.
Can there be a pregnancy without symptoms?
Yes, it’s possible. In fact, according to a study carried out in Europe, one in every 500 women presents what is called “denial of pregnancy“ which is a pregnancy without any type of symptom indicating its existence.
The term “denial or denial of pregnancy” is beginning to be recognized in today’s medical communities. Not because they did not occur before, but because cases of importance in this had not been studied. For the European Society, it is a pathology that affects women in the same way as any of the symptoms.
In other words, a healthy woman has the same chance of suffering all the symptoms as none at all.
One of the causes why many women have no symptoms during pregnancy is polycystic ovary. In some studies it is reflected how having polycystic ovaries can annul the functions that generate certain symptoms.
In this type of study, psychological pregnancy has been linked to denial of pregnancy as a mental condition.
Contrary to the psychological pregnancy, in this case it is presumed that the woman denies her pregnancy in such a way that her organism translates this into that she is not pregnant and therefore the symptoms do not appear.
This theory, like many others, has been studied by Professor Christof Brézinka in France for 10 years. However, no verification of such a theory has been arrived at.
Dr Anna David, an obstetrician in London, calls it self-denial and made a comment during an interview with the BBC.
This commentary explains the psychological situation of the woman who presents this pathology: “There can be all kinds of reasons why someone does not realize, does not want to realize or does not want to notice her condition (pregnancy).
According to his study, this reason is enough to either deny the symptoms of pregnancy, or for them not to appear during pregnancy.
There’s nothing to worry about. Not having clear symptoms during pregnancy is as normal as not having them and while the woman is in regular consultation with the doctor or enjoys good physical health everything will go in order.
The most popular question is what happens if a woman does not know she is pregnant and care is not provided. However, there is even a television program on this subject called “I was pregnant and I didn’t know it.
In general, statistics show that pregnancies are carried out with total normality and most of the children born whose mother presented this pathology are born totally healthy.
The problem is when the woman, not knowing she is pregnant, gives birth in a place that is not conditioned, or she is alone and it is difficult to carry out childbirth.
It has happened that many women without being aware of their pregnancy go into labor in public restrooms or other similar areas.
This entails an imminent risk of infection for both at the time of delivery, in the same way, if the baby has some kind of respiratory complication or if the mother goes into shock, the risk to the health of both increases.
The mortality rate in babies born in public places without professional help are mostly due to trauma suffered by babies and the lack of medical care that is necessary at the time of delivery.
Seeing another point of view, many women who are pregnant without knowing it then decide to abandon their children and not live an experience of pregnancy and motherhood as such, according to psychologists, is more likely to do so without feeling remorse.
In order to have a peaceful and successful pregnancy, it is essential to know each and every one of the symptoms in the different stages of the pregnancy, in order to determine if there is any type of risk and to foresee any complication.
Many of the possible complications could be avoided if careful attention is paid and the mother-to-be is prepared and knows her body. Whether the baby is born healthy and the pregnancy has a happy ending will depend on her, her partner, her environment and her care.