How to Tell if You Have Diabetes
Diabetes is a disorder of the metabolism that prevents regulating the amount of glucose in the blood because the pancreas does not produce enough insulin, or this hormone does not work properly.
Diabetes is difficult to detect in time because symptoms may not occur until sugar (glucose) levels are very high.
On the other hand, the symptoms may become confused with those of other conditions, which delays diagnosis, control, and treatment. This can also aggravate diabetes.
Signs and symptoms include:
- The urgency to urinate: Have you noticed that your urge to urinate increased?. The need to urinate at all times is one of the main symptoms of diabetes because it indicates the presence of too much glucose in the blood.
This happens because, due to the lack or ineffectiveness of the hormone insulin, the kidneys can not filter it. In this way, they feel “heavy” and try to dilute the glucose by expelling the urine. This keeps the bladder full and increases the urge to urinate.
- Thirst and/or excessive hunger: The frequent urge to urinate is related to insatiable thirst, that is, the desire to drink liquid at all times. Faced with the need to go to the bathroom, the body loses a lot of fluid and feels dehydration, which leads him to want to drink more water than usual to compensate for what he is losing.
- Rapid weight loss for no apparent reason: when a person has developed Diabetes, the cells are unable to obtain this fuel from the food.
Faced with the urge to get energy, the body resorts to that which is accumulated in the form of fat and muscle, causing a weight loss of five kilograms or five percent of normal body weight over the course of six to 12 months, sometimes less.
- Extreme tiredness or irritability: As diabetes is the lack or resistance to insulin, which is the hormone that transports glucose to the cells, glucose accumulates in the bloodstream.
In the absence of glucose, the cells have no energy and are weakened. So that a diabetic person feels more tired than usual.
In addition, recurrent infections (on the skin, gums, or bladder), blurred vision, wounds that take time to heal, or tingling or tingling in the hands or feet may occur.
There are several tests to know if you have diabetes or prediabetes. Which occurs when a high level of sugar (glucose) is detected in the blood, but not enough to be classified as diabetes.
The diagnosis of prediabetes implies that you are at a higher risk of suffering from diabetes.
For the diagnosis of diabetes, the same test is usually performed twice to ensure diagnosis.
Standard tests include:
- Fasting glucose – Your fasting blood sugar is measured in the morning, and after not eating or drinking anything for at least 8 hours before.
Diabetes is diagnosed when the result is greater than 126mg / dL. And prediabetes when it is between 100 and 125 mg / dL.
- A1C (glycosylated hemoglobin) – You do not need to be fasting, because it measures your sugar level during the last 2 or 3 months.
Diabetes is diagnosed when the result is greater than 6.5%, and prediabetes when it is greater than 5.7% but less than 6.4%.
- Oral glucose tolerance test – Your blood sugar is measured before and after drinking a sweet drink (a specific amount).
Diabetes is diagnosed when it is higher than 200mg / dL, and prediabetes when the result is between 140mg / dL and 199mg / dL.