The banana (Musa Spienta) belongs to the family Musaceae. Native to Southeast Asia, the banana is present throughout the year. The banana tree is an herbaceous plant and not a tree, which can reach 9 to 12 m in height.
Bananas grow in sunny regions, especially in Guadeloupe, Martinique and the Canary Islands.
The Cavendish is the most consumed banana by athletes.
The plantain plantin (Musa Paradisiaca), more exotic and less sweet, contains a lot of starch. It is considered a vegetable in Africa and is eaten cooked.
Bananas offer many preventive and therapeutic virtues.
The banana, for the record
Banana consumption dates back thousands of years. In the past, the trunk and its leaves were used for clothing, tools and shelter.
500 B.C., the banana was considered by the Hindus as a sacred fruit. It is a fruit that Eve would have offered to Adam, hence its name “fruit of paradise”.
As for Alexander the Great, it is said that he forbade his army to eat bananas, at the risk of “making his army heavier”.
The banana has travelled a lot, to India, Africa and the Canary Islands. But it was only in the 19th century that bananas arrived from the West Indies to the French shelves.
Bananas and their health benefits
It is an excellent antidiarrheal agent. It is easily digested and regulates intestinal transit.
For digestive ailments, banana relieves inflammations and burns of the digestive tract.
The banana calms the gastric acidity and also protects the mucous membrane that covers the stomach, which reduces the appearance of gastric ulcers.
The banana is a real energy reserve. It provides 90 kcal/100g and 20g of carbohydrates. Athletes also appreciate it for its ability to limit cramps.
Bananas have antioxidant properties. This ensures cell renewal and reduces the risk of cardiovascular disease by lowering bad cholesterol.
When very ripe, bananas can be effective in cancer prevention by stimulating the activation of immune cells. Daily consumption of bananas can reduce the development of kidney cancer.
The use of banana is recommended in case of anemia. Rich in iron, it stimulates the production of red blood cells (RBCs) that carry oxygen in the blood.
“Have the banana”: that expression acquires all its meaning. In fact, the banana contains an amino acid, tryptophan, precursor of serotonin, the hormone of happiness. The banana keeps you in a good mood!
The high potassium content of bananas (411 mg/100g) reduces high blood pressure and therefore the risk of stroke. Potassium is also involved in heart muscle contraction.
In children, it contributes to the development and strengthening of the bones.
The banana peel helps healing, in case of wounds, bites.
Bananas would be a good way to stop smoking. The B vitamins found in bananas relieve the stress and anxiety that can be caused by quitting smoking.
Bananas in the kitchen
Bananas can be eaten plainly, in a fruit salad, in a shake or even flambéed.
Nutrient intake of the banana:
90 kcal/100g. Bananas provide starch, vitamins C and B, potassium, magnesium and iron.
Since the glycemic index of bananas is 65, consumption of bananas should not be excessive in people with diabetes.
Gourmet ideas :
En papillote at the barbecue: Cut the banana lengthwise, put it in aluminum foil, add chocolate squares. Put your papillote on the hot coals of your barbecue!
Banana chips: Cut your banana into slices. Bathe the slices in hot oil. Salt and serve cold or hot as an appetizer.
Fruit purée: Use your damaged bananas by frying them in a pan with other damaged fruits (peaches and apricots go very well with bananas), a spoonful of water, cinnamon, sweeten slightly. Do not cook, just reduce. Eat cold or hot, on toast or in your cottage cheese.
Banana beauty tips:
To treat warts: Put a piece of cut banana peel on the wart. Put a bandage on it. Your feet will thank you
Banana Exfoliant: Crush a banana, add 2 tablespoons of sugar. Spread the puree on your face and rinse. The banana will moisturize your skin and the sugar will exfoliate the dead skin.
For white teeth: Rub the inside of the banana peel on your teeth.
The Smart Corner: External use:
Ink Stains: Rub the inside of the banana peel to remove ink stains from hands.
Soothing virtues: In burned areas or areas with mosquito bites, rubbing with the banana peel.
Bananas, a natural fertilizer
Banana peel is a perfect fertilizer. It releases elements and minerals that are essential for flowering. Bury the peel at the foot of the plant.
The inner skin of the banana can also powder your green houseplants.
Did you know that? According to Caribbean legend, getting married under a banana tree is a bad sign. It predicts that the wife will be a bad mother and the husband will not be fulfilled.
The banana tree can be planted in pots indoors or outdoors, as well as in the open ground.
However, it does not tolerate winter temperatures very well. It is advisable to take the pot indoors from October to May. If the pot is in the ground, protect it
In an indoor pot, place it in a bright room but not in direct contact with the sun. Spraying the foliage regularly with water is enough to water it.
Outdoors, plant your banana tree in the sun, from spring or summer. Water it every 2-3 days in case of strong heat. In winter, moisten only when the soil is dry.
In both cases, place a gravel quilt before planting.
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