Watermelon benefits and virtues
The watermelon or Citrullus lanatus is a fruit originating in Africa. It is one of the largest fruits of the Cucurbit family.
There are several varieties of watermelons, with or without seeds, large or small, round or oval, with yellow or pink flesh. The weight varies from one species to another. Some can even reach 20 kg.
Watermelons require a rich soil and a sunny place. Sowing is done in spring and harvesting in summer.
Juicy and refreshing, it can be enjoyed in summer, as a starter or dessert.
It is also used for its therapeutic and cosmetic virtues.
Watermelon, for the record:
Originally from Africa, in the Nile Valley, watermelon grew in the wild 5,000 years ago.
Then, little by little, the men domesticated it and it gained in sweetness.
In ancient times, the Greeks and Romans preferred watermelon to melon.
Watermelons arrived in Spain in the 9th century. It later spread to the rest of Europe and the United States.
Egyptian farmers distributed watermelons to travelers to quench their thirst.
In Vietnam, watermelon seeds were offered to young married couples as a sign of fertility.
Health benefits and virtues of watermelon
The watermelon or “watermelon” is, as its name indicates, soaked in water (92%). In very hot periods, it preserves us from dehydration.
It is also an excellent diuretic, which helps reduce water retention. It is effective in cases of edema.
It contains potassium, which is effective against muscle cramps and pain.
Also good for the heart, watermelon seeds dilate blood vessels, reduce high blood pressure and thus prevent cardiovascular disease.
Watermelon contains a powerful antioxidant, lycopene. It slows down the development of cancer cells, protects the body from cardiovascular diseases and the skin from the harmful effects of the sun.
Watermelons contain many vitamins: vitamin C (11mg/100g) which strengthens our immune system, beta-carotene (pro-vitamin A) which is involved in vision and vitamin B6 for tissue formation and proper functioning of the nervous system.
Very low in calories (30kcal/100g), zero cholesterol, perfect for diets. In addition, its high water content quickly gives a feeling of satiety. It is recommended for people who are overweight.
At a digestive level, eating watermelon can calm acidity and reduce flatulence. It also purifies the colon, liver, kidneys, urinary tract and frees the body from intestinal parasites.
At the sexual level, the seeds contain citrulline, an amino acid with vasodilatory power. Thus, watermelon can reduce erectile dysfunction.
The seeds can also stimulate memory and have laxative and anti-inflammatory properties.
Watermelon bark has antifungal properties, slows down the growth of fungi.
Watermelon is not contraindicated in pregnant women.
Watermelon in the kitchen
It can be eaten as a starter, dessert or fruit salad. It is also very pleasant and refreshing as a sorbet, a shake, a cold soup or a juice.
The nutritional intake of watermelons:
Calories (30kcal/100g), Carbohydrates (7g/100g), Fat (0.08g/100g), Potassium (179mg/100g) Magnesium (12.6mg)
Frost can cause gastric irritation.
Gourmet ideas :
To vary the salads, toast the watermelon seeds and then salt them.
Watermelon peel jam: Cook the watermelon peel with its ½ weight in sugar on a bed of water. Add the lemon peel.
For a watermelon jam, prefer the “ginger” jam that is only eaten cooked.
Smoothie: Mix a quarter watermelon with 10 strawberries. Add the juice of one squeezed lemon and a glass of sparkling water.
Choose and save your watermelon:
Prefer heavy watermelons, they will be rich in water and therefore better.
Can be stored at room temperature
Internal use :
Watermelon seed infusion to purify the kidneys: boil 4 teaspoons of crushed watermelon seeds in water. Filter the seeds and drink.
Watermelon juice to enjoy the virtues : Remove the peel, mix the pieces. Add the lemon juice and the mint leaves.
It can be kept in a cool place for 24 hours.
Watermelon and beauty tips
Fungal remedy: Rub watermelon peel on skin and then rinse.
This advice also applies to acne-prone skin.
To tone the skin: A cotton soaked in juice tones the skin, removes sebum and closes the pores.
Natural Mask: Crush the whitish part of the watermelon skin, mix with a spoonful of cottage cheese and flour to thicken the mixture. Apply to the face and rinse.
The seed oil is used to moisturize the skin and nourish the hair.
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