What are colic in pregnancy?

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  1. Is it normal to feel pain in the abdominal area?
    1. What are colic in pregnancy?
    2. Why do colic occur in pregnancy?
    3. In what serious situations does colic occur in pregnancy?
    4. Premature birth
    5. Miscarriage
    6. Placental abruption
    7. Pre-eclampsia
    8. Urinary tract infection
    9. How can I relieve cramping in pregnancy?
    10. Colic during pregnancy When should I see a doctor?
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Is it normal to feel pain in the abdominal area?

Have you felt any abdominal pains during pregnancy? Calm down! Feeling cramping in pregnancy or some kind of belly pain from time to time is quite common, and most pregnant women have experienced it.

However, if the colic becomes very strong, it means that something is wrong and we should see a doctor as soon as possible.

What are colic in pregnancy
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Cramps are a pain in the abdominal area and can be experienced at any stage of pregnancy as a result of pressure from the baby.

What are colic in pregnancy?

Cramps in pregnancy are usually discomfort in the abdominal area and are usually very similar to those felt during menstruation.

Although these types of discomforts are most common during the first few months, they can be experienced at any stage of pregnancy, in part because of the pressure the baby puts on the muscles and ligaments as it grows.

In addition, the typical nerves that the mother-to-be may feel, along with other factors, can also cause the area to resent.

It is important that we pay attention to the intensity of pain we are feeling.

Why do colic occur in pregnancy?

There are several causes that can cause the usual colic in pregnancy, most of them are common symptoms and discomforts in pregnancy, which do not represent any serious problem and can be easily relieved.

  • Implantation of the baby: One of the most common causes is when the baby becomes implanted in the lining of the uterus, that is, the natural pressure it exerts when it grows. Most pregnant women feel this kind of pressure as if it were any menstrual pain, and it usually lasts a day or two.
  • Gas and bloating: Since hormones at this stage cause much slower digestion, pregnant women are much more likely to feel cramping in pregnancy, caused by gas and bloating in that area.
  • Constipation: Like gas, pregnant women also suffer from constipation, because hormones also prevent the passage of food through the digestive system is slower. In addition, the baby's pressure also contributes to our suffering from this problem.
  • Contractions of Braxton Hicks: One of the most famous causes of colic in pregnancy are the contractions of Braxton Hicks, because already in the third trimester of pregnancy it is common to experience some contractions or a kind of hardening in the abdominal area. These contractions are mild and painless, but as your due date approaches, your discomfort intensifies.
  • Round ligament ailments: In mid-pregnancy, the muscles and ligaments that support the uterus expand to support the growing baby. This stretching causes severe, stabbing pains that are often felt in the lower abdomen. They usually appear when you change position abruptly, such as when you get out of bed, turn around, cough, or have a hectic day.
  • Intimate relationships: During intimate relationships with your partner it is also possible to experience some kind of contraction during or after having an orgasm. They are usually mild and harmless and as long as they do not last for a long time, there is no reason to worry.

In the third trimester, you may have contractions or a hardening of the belly.

In what serious situations does colic occur in pregnancy?

Feeling discomfort and aches during pregnancy is normal, since our body is undergoing many changes.

One of the most common is abdominal cramps or pains, which usually arise due to other symptoms of pregnancy, but when the pain is very strong and persistent, it may be a more serious problem, such as the following:

Extrauterine pregnancies occur when the egg implants outside the uterus, usually in one of the fallopian tubes.

Because this type of pregnancy can be complicated, it is common to have some type of contractions or cramping in the pregnancy, especially at the beginning. If the extrauterine pregnancy is not treated in time, it can break one of the tubes and even lead to death.

So don't hesitate to call your doctor if you experience any of these symptoms:

  • pain or discomfort when touching the abdomen (If it is a sharp pain, whether it comes and goes or only affects one side of the abdomen)
  • Slight blood loss or bleeding from the vagina.
  • Pain that is intensified during physical activity or daily exertions such as coughing.
  • shoulder pain (due to the collection of blood in the diaphragm that occurs when a ruptured fallopian tube occurs)

Premature birth

In this case, the contractions or cramps in the pregnancy act as a signal that there is a premature birth.

This type of situation arises when the contractions cease to be those of Brixton Hicks, and become the contractions of childbirth, that is, those that dilate the cervix before the 37th week of pregnancy.

If you experience the following symptoms, don't hesitate to call your doctor. You are likely to deliver prematurely!

  • increased vaginal discharge or change in the type of discharge (especially if you notice an aqueous or mucous consistency)
  • Some blood loss or vaginal bleeding.
  • Pain similar to menstruation.
  • Frequent contractions exceeding six in the space of one hour
  • Increased feeling of pressure in the pelvic area.
  • Sudden discomfort or pain in the lower back.


When it comes to miscarriage, the first warning symptom is vaginal bleeding or loss of blood, accompanied by abdominal pain for a few hours and even a few days later. The pain of this type of cramping resembles more of a cramp but is also continuous, as well as mild or acute.

Although it occurs over the pelvis, it can also be felt in the lower back.

Placental abruption

Placental abruption occurs when the placenta moves away from the uterus just before the baby is born. Although the symptoms of this complication are different, back pain or contractions are one of the most noticeable.

You may also feel your uterus contract and stay hard, like a cramp that doesn't go away. If you notice this type of discomfort and the presence of a hemorrhage see a doctor as soon as possible.


Pre-eclampsia is quite serious, as it produces certain changes in the blood vessels that are capable of affecting various organs such as the liver, kidneys, placenta and brain. Women with pre-eclampsia usually have high blood pressure and protein in the urine after the 12th week of pregnancy.

When pre-eclampsia is severe, it can cause severe pain or tenderness in the upper abdomen.

Urinary tract infection

At this stage, women become more vulnerable to any type of urinary tract infection and some of these are kidney infection or pyelonephritis.

Pain in the lower abdomen, as well as pain when urinating, may be symptoms of a urinary tract infection.

So if you feel something similar, it is important to consult with your doctor of confidence, otherwise it can lead to other complications such as pyelonephritis or premature delivery.

You should never ignore very severe or persistent abdominal pain.

How can I relieve cramping in pregnancy?

To relieve colic during pregnancy, just follow these tips:

  • The primordial thing is to rest: To rest and to relax body; it will help a lot to calm the discomforts.
  • When you feel pain, sit down and elevate your legs. Try to calm down and not think about the pain.
  • Maintain a balanced diet: Food is also key in these cases, so it is important to eliminate the consumption of fried and fatty foods, as they can worsen the swelling.
  • Hot water baths: Applying a little heat to the abdominal area also helps to soothe colic.
  • Walk and change position: In these cases it is recommended to walk to relax the body or change position, as it is usually very effective in relieving pain.
  • Ask your doctor if he or she can prescribe analgesia or spamolytic drugs.

If the pains of colic during pregnancy are intense, do not hesitate to go to the doctor.

Colic during pregnancy When should I see a doctor?

As long as the pains of colic in pregnancy are mild and disappear with a little rest, there's nothing to worry about. But if for some reason you do experience some of these symptoms, it is time for you to go to the doctor, as the most serious cases are usually quite dangerous.

  • The pain is severe and instead of going away, it increases.
  • Pain in the lower abdomen, accompanied by contractions
  • blood loss or bleeding
  • Fever and chills
  • Vaginal cramps, bleeding, gastrointestinal symptoms, and dizziness
  • Discomfort when urinating
  • Dizziness and vomiting
  • cramps, along with pain in the shoulder or neck

Remember that if your body is very exhausted or nervous during pregnancy, it will suffer much more discomfort than if it is resting and calm, so try to follow all our recommendations so that the symptoms of colic in pregnancy are much milder.

But if you notice that the cramping that accompanies the cramping increases and is persistent, you should consult a specialist in case the cause of the pain is due to another, more serious reason.

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