What is biodiversity?
We explain what biodiversity is and what the factors that make up biodiversity are. Also, why it is necessary to protect it.
The dependence of living beings on each other is elementary for their subsistence.Biodiversity refers to the plurality of living beings, more precisely micro-organisms, plants and animals, which interact with each other.
It is estimated that the variety of species that inhabit the planet Earth exceeds thirty million. This enormous number of species are the product of evolution, where living beings relate harmoniously with the environment in which they are present.
Biodiversity acquires great importance since the dependence of living beings on each other is elementary for their subsistence.
The linkage of living beings is not only with their habitat, but also towards other individuals of the same or other species. In the event of the disappearance of a particular species, it puts at risk the existence of many others, including our own.
How is biodiversity composed?
Some examples of genetic diversity are breeds or subspecies.
Biodiversity is considered to be made up of three factors:
- Ecosystem diversity. First of all, these are the systems where life is conceived, some examples are ecosystems and biomes.
- Genetic diversity. Secondly, this diversity includes the set of genes, whether of a particular species or individual. Some examples are breeds or subspecies.
- Taxonomic diversity. Finally we can name the taxonomic diversity, which refers to various species, to name a few examples, classes, genera and kingdoms.
It is known that biodiversity is constantly subject to change, more precisely to evolution, both individual individuals and the species as a whole.
It is considered that the changes are inherent to the species, to reach the current evolutionary levels they were subjected to millions of years of evolution.
Some of the reasons why they are subject to change are other species or individuals, soils, climate and other natural issues.
Why should we protect biodiversity?
- It is important to protect endangered species.
- Certain changes can adversely affect biodiversity. One of the reasons why biodiversity is affected is the modification or extinction of certain habitats. This situation results in the death of hundreds of individuals or even species that cannot migrate.
- Destruction, generally, is usually caused by man, whether by the creation of infrastructure, the indiscriminate felling of trees, mega mining, cleared forests, pollution, among other human activities.
- Some of the ways to preserve biodiversity consist in controlling the environments that must be protected and the number of individuals that inhabit it, to stop carrying out any type of production activity that may affect natural resources, such as soil, water, air, etc. The ideal would be to find a way for it to be produced in a way that is sensitive to and supportive of the environment.
- On the other hand, to prohibit the inclusion of species belonging to other habitats without the necessary controls, to make the population aware of the importance of biodiversity and the risk we face if the necessary measures are not taken. It is also important to protect endangered species and reintroduce animals that have been bred in captivity, whether in gardens, zoos or aquariums.